Tables

For displaying tabular data, <b-table> supports pagination, filtering, sorting, custom rendering, various style options, events, and asynchronous data. For simple display of tabular data without all the fancy features, BootstrapVue provides two lightweight alternative components <b-table-lite> and <b-table-simple>.

Example: Basic usage

<template>
  <div>
    <b-table striped hover :items="items"></b-table>
  </div>
</template>

<script>
  export default {
    data() {
      return {
        items: [
          { age: 40, first_name: 'Dickerson', last_name: 'Macdonald' },
          { age: 21, first_name: 'Larsen', last_name: 'Shaw' },
          { age: 89, first_name: 'Geneva', last_name: 'Wilson' },
          { age: 38, first_name: 'Jami', last_name: 'Carney' }
        ]
      }
    }
  }
</script>

<!-- b-table.vue -->

Items (record data)

items is the table data in array format, where each record (row) data are keyed objects. Example format:

const items = [
  { age: 32, first_name: 'Cyndi' },
  { age: 27, first_name: 'Havij' },
  { age: 42, first_name: 'Robert' }
]

<b-table> automatically samples the first row to extract field names (the keys in the record data). Field names are automatically "humanized" by converting kebab-case, snake_case, and camelCase to individual words and capitalizes each word. Example conversions:

  • first_name becomes First Name
  • last-name becomes Last Name
  • age becomes Age
  • YEAR remains YEAR
  • isActive becomes Is Active

These titles will be displayed in the table header, in the order they appear in the first record of data. See the Fields section below for customizing how field headings appear.

Note: Field order is not guaranteed. Fields will typically appear in the order they were defined in the first row, but this may not always be the case depending on the version of browser in use. See section Fields (column definitions) below to see how to guarantee the order of fields, and to override the headings generated.

Record data may also have additional special reserved name keys for colorizing rows and individual cells (variants), and for triggering additional row detail. The supported optional item record modifier properties (make sure your field keys do not conflict with these names):

Property Type Description
_cellVariants Object Bootstrap contextual state applied to individual cells. Keyed by field (See the Color Variants for supported values). These variants map to classes table-${variant} or bg-${variant} (when the dark prop is set).
_rowVariant String Bootstrap contextual state applied to the entire row (See the Color Variants for supported values). These variants map to classes table-${variant} or bg-${variant} (when the dark prop is set)
_showDetails Boolean Used to trigger the display of the row-details scoped slot. See section Row details support below for additional information

Example: Using variants for table cells

<template>
  <div>
    <b-table hover :items="items"></b-table>
  </div>
</template>

<script>
  export default {
    data() {
      return {
        items: [
          { age: 40, first_name: 'Dickerson', last_name: 'Macdonald' },
          { age: 21, first_name: 'Larsen', last_name: 'Shaw' },
          {
            age: 89,
            first_name: 'Geneva',
            last_name: 'Wilson',
            _rowVariant: 'danger'
          },
          {
            age: 40,
            first_name: 'Thor',
            last_name: 'MacDonald',
            _cellVariants: { age: 'info', first_name: 'warning' }
          },
          { age: 29, first_name: 'Dick', last_name: 'Dunlap' }
        ]
      }
    }
  }
</script>

<!-- b-table-variants.vue -->

items can also be a reference to a provider function, which returns an Array of items data. Provider functions can also be asynchronous:

  • By returning null (or undefined) and calling a callback, when the data is ready, with the data array as the only argument to the callback,
  • By returning a Promise that resolves to an array.

See the "Using Items Provider functions" section below for more details.

Table item notes and warnings

  • Avoid manipulating record data in place, as changes to the underlying items data will cause either the row or entire table to be re-rendered. See Primary Key, below, for ways to minimize Vue's re-rendering of rows.
  • items array records should be a simple object and must avoid placing data that may have circular references in the values within a row. <b-table> serializes the row data into strings for sorting and filtering, and circular references will cause stack overflows to occur and your app to crash!

Fields (column definitions)

The fields prop is used to customize the table columns headings, and in which order the columns of data are displayed. The field object keys (i.e. age or first_name as shown below) are used to extract the value from each item (record) row, and to provide additional features such as enabling sorting on the column, etc.

Fields can be provided as a simple array or an array of objects. Internally the fields data will be normalized into the array of objects format. Events or slots that include the column field data will be in the normalized field object format (array of objects for fields, or an object for an individual field).

Fields as a simple array

Fields can be a simple array, for defining the order of the columns, and which columns to display:

Example: Using array fields definition

<template>
  <div>
    <b-table striped hover :items="items" :fields="fields"></b-table>
  </div>
</template>

<script>
  export default {
    data() {
      return {
        // Note `isActive` is left out and will not appear in the rendered table
        fields: ['first_name', 'last_name', 'age'],
        items: [
          { isActive: true, age: 40, first_name: 'Dickerson', last_name: 'Macdonald' },
          { isActive: false, age: 21, first_name: 'Larsen', last_name: 'Shaw' },
          { isActive: false, age: 89, first_name: 'Geneva', last_name: 'Wilson' },
          { isActive: true, age: 38, first_name: 'Jami', last_name: 'Carney' }
        ]
      }
    }
  }
</script>

<!-- b-table-fields-array.vue -->

Fields as an array of objects

Fields can be a an array of objects, providing additional control over the fields (such as sorting, formatting, etc). Only columns (keys) that appear in the fields array will be shown:

Example: Using array of objects fields definition

<template>
  <div>
    <b-table striped hover :items="items" :fields="fields"></b-table>
  </div>
</template>

<script>
  export default {
    data() {
      return {
        // Note 'isActive' is left out and will not appear in the rendered table
        fields: [
          {
            key: 'last_name',
            sortable: true
          },
          {
            key: 'first_name',
            sortable: false
          },
          {
            key: 'age',
            label: 'Person age',
            sortable: true,
            // Variant applies to the whole column, including the header and footer
            variant: 'danger'
          }
        ],
        items: [
          { isActive: true, age: 40, first_name: 'Dickerson', last_name: 'Macdonald' },
          { isActive: false, age: 21, first_name: 'Larsen', last_name: 'Shaw' },
          { isActive: false, age: 89, first_name: 'Geneva', last_name: 'Wilson' },
          { isActive: true, age: 38, first_name: 'Jami', last_name: 'Carney' }
        ]
      }
    }
  }
</script>

<!-- b-table-fields-array-of-objects.vue -->

Field definition reference

The following field properties are recognized:

Property Type Description
key String The key for selecting data from the record in the items array. Required when setting the fields via an array of objects. The key is also used for generating the custom data rendering and custom header and footer slot names.
label String Appears in the columns table header (and footer if foot-clone is set). Defaults to the field's key (in humanized format) if not provided. It's possible to use empty labels by assigning an empty string "" but be sure you also set headerTitle to provide non-sighted users a hint about the column contents.
headerTitle String Text to place on the fields header <th> attribute title. Defaults to no title attribute.
headerAbbr String Text to place on the fields header <th> attribute abbr. Set this to the unabbreviated version of the label (or title) if label (or title) is an abbreviation. Defaults to no abbr attribute.
class String or Array Class name (or array of class names) to add to <th> and <td> in the column.
formatter String or Function A formatter callback function or name of a method in your component, can be used instead of (or in conjunction with) scoped field slots. The formatter will be called with the syntax formatter(value, key, item). Refer to Custom Data Rendering for more details.
sortable Boolean Enable sorting on this column. Refer to the Sorting Section for more details.
sortDirection String Set the initial sort direction on this column when it becomes sorted. Refer to the Change initial sort direction Section for more details.
sortByFormatted Boolean or Function Sort the column by the result of the field's formatter callback function when set to true. Default is false. Boolean has no effect if the field does not have a formatter. Optionally accepts a formatter function reference to format the value for sorting purposes only. Refer to the Sorting Section for more details.
filterByFormatted Boolean or Function Filter the column by the result of the field's formatter callback function when set to true. Default is false. Boolean has no effect if the field does not have a formatter. Optionally accepts a formatter function reference to format the value for filtering purposes only. Refer to the Filtering section for more details.
tdClass String or Array or Function Class name (or array of class names) to add to <tbody> data <td> cells in the column. If custom classes per cell are required, a callback function can be specified instead. The function will be called as tdClass(value, key, item) and it must return an Array or String.
thClass String or Array Class name (or array of class names) to add to this field's <thead>/<tfoot> heading <th> cell.
thStyle Object JavaScript object representing CSS styles you would like to apply to the table <thead>/<tfoot> field <th>.
variant String Apply contextual class to all the <th> and <td> in the column - active, success, info, warning, danger. These variants map to classes thead-${variant} (in the header), table-${variant} (in the body), or bg-${variant} (when the prop dark is set).
tdAttr Object or Function JavaScript object representing additional attributes to apply to the <tbody> field <td> cell. If custom attributes per cell are required, a callback function can be specified instead. The function will be called as tdAttr(value, key, item) and it must return an Object.
thAttr Object or Function JavaScript object representing additional attributes to apply to the field's <thead>/<tfoot> heading <th> cell. If the field's isRowHeader is set to true, the attributes will also apply to the <tbody> field <th> cell. If custom attributes per cell are required, a callback function can be specified instead. The function will be called as thAttr(value, key, item, type) and it must return an Object.
isRowHeader Boolean When set to true, the field's item data cell will be rendered with <th> rather than the default of <td>.
stickyColumn Boolean When set to true, and the table in responsive mode or has sticky headers, will cause the column to become fixed to the left when the table's horizontal scrollbar is scrolled. See Sticky columns for more details

Notes:

  • Field properties, if not present, default to null (falsey) unless otherwise stated above.
  • class, thClass, tdClass etc. will not work with classes that are defined in scoped CSS, unless you are using VueLoader's Deep selector.
  • For information on the syntax supported by thStyle, see Class and Style Bindings in the Vue.js guide.
  • Any additional properties added to the field definition objects will be left intact - so you can access them via the named scoped slots for custom data, header, and footer rendering.

For information and usage about scoped slots and formatters, refer to the Custom Data Rendering section below.

Feel free to mix and match simple array and object array together:

const fields = [
  { key: 'first_name', label: 'First' },
  { key: 'last_name', label: 'Last' },
  'age',
  'sex'
]

Primary key

<b-table> provides an additional prop primary-key, which you can use to identify the name of the field key that uniquely identifies the row.

The value specified by the primary column key must be either a string or number, and must be unique across all rows in the table.

The primary key column does not need to appear in the displayed fields.

Table row ID generation

When provided, the primary-key will generate a unique ID for each item row <tr> element. The ID will be in the format of {table-id}__row_{primary-key-value}, where {table-id} is the unique ID of the <b-table> and {primary-key-value} is the value of the item's field value for the field specified by primary-key.

Table render and transition optimization

The primary-key is also used by <b-table> to help Vue optimize the rendering of table rows. Internally, the value of the field key specified by the primary-key prop is used as the Vue :key value for each rendered item row <tr> element.

If you are seeing rendering issue (i.e. tooltips hiding or unexpected subcomponent re-usage when item data changes or data is sorted/filtered/edited) or table row transitions are not working, setting the primary-key prop (if you have a unique identifier per row) can alleviate these issues.

Specifying the primary-key column is handy if you are using 3rd party table transitions or drag and drop plugins, as they rely on having a consistent and unique per row :key value.

If primary-key is not provided, <b-table> will auto-generate keys based on the displayed row's index number (i.e. position in the displayed table rows). This may cause GUI issues such as sub components/elements that are rendering with previous results (i.e. being re-used by Vue's render patch optimization routines). Specifying a primary-key column can alleviate this issue (or you can place a unique :key on your element/components in your custom formatted field slots).

Refer to the Table body transition support section for additional details.

Table style options

Table styling

<b-table> provides several props to alter the style of the table:

prop Type Description
striped Boolean Add zebra-striping to the table rows within the <tbody>
bordered Boolean For borders on all sides of the table and cells.
borderless Boolean removes inner borders from table.
outlined Boolean For a thin border on all sides of the table. Has no effect if bordered is set.
small Boolean To make tables more compact by cutting cell padding in half.
hover Boolean To enable a hover highlighting state on table rows within a <tbody>
dark Boolean Invert the colors — with light text on dark backgrounds (equivalent to Bootstrap v4 class .table-dark)
fixed Boolean Generate a table with equal fixed-width columns (table-layout: fixed;)
responsive Boolean or String Generate a responsive table to make it scroll horizontally. Set to true for an always responsive table, or set it to one of the breakpoints 'sm', 'md', 'lg', or 'xl' to make the table responsive (horizontally scroll) only on screens smaller than the breakpoint. See Responsive tables below for details.
sticky-header Boolean or String Generates a vertically scrollable table with sticky headers. Set to true to enable sticky headers (default table max-height of 300px), or set it to a string containing a height (with CSS units) to specify a maximum height other than 300px. See the Sticky header section below for details.
stacked Boolean or String Generate a responsive stacked table. Set to true for an always stacked table, or set it to one of the breakpoints 'sm', 'md', 'lg', or 'xl' to make the table visually stacked only on screens smaller than the breakpoint. See Stacked tables below for details.
caption-top Boolean If the table has a caption, and this prop is set to true, the caption will be visually placed above the table. If false (the default), the caption will be visually placed below the table.
table-variant String Give the table an overall theme color variant.
head-variant String Use 'light' or 'dark' to make table header appear light or dark gray, respectively
foot-variant String Use 'light' or 'dark' to make table footer appear light or dark gray, respectively. If not set, head-variant will be used. Has no effect if foot-clone is not set
foot-clone Boolean Turns on the table footer, and defaults with the same contents a the table header
no-footer-sorting Boolean When foot-clone is true and the table is sortable, disables the sorting icons and click behaviour on the footer heading cells. Refer to the Sorting section below for more details.
no-border-collapse Boolean Disables the default of collapsing of the table borders. Mainly for use with sticky headers and/or sticky columns. Will cause the appearance of double borders in some situations.

Note: table style options fixed, stacked, caption-top, no-border-collapse, sticky headers, sticky columns, and the table sorting feature, all require BootstrapVue's custom CSS.

Example: Basic table styles

<template>
  <div>
    <b-form-group label="Table Options" label-cols-lg="2">
      <b-form-checkbox v-model="striped" inline>Striped</b-form-checkbox>
      <b-form-checkbox v-model="bordered" inline>Bordered</b-form-checkbox>
      <b-form-checkbox v-model="borderless" inline>Borderless</b-form-checkbox>
      <b-form-checkbox v-model="outlined" inline>Outlined</b-form-checkbox>
      <b-form-checkbox v-model="small" inline>Small</b-form-checkbox>
      <b-form-checkbox v-model="hover" inline>Hover</b-form-checkbox>
      <b-form-checkbox v-model="dark" inline>Dark</b-form-checkbox>
      <b-form-checkbox v-model="fixed" inline>Fixed</b-form-checkbox>
      <b-form-checkbox v-model="footClone" inline>Foot Clone</b-form-checkbox>
      <b-form-checkbox v-model="noCollapse" inline>No border collapse</b-form-checkbox>
    </b-form-group>
    <b-form-group label="Head Variant" label-cols-lg="2">
      <b-form-radio-group v-model="headVariant" class="mt-lg-2">
        <b-form-radio :value="null" inline>None</b-form-radio>
        <b-form-radio value="light" inline>Light</b-form-radio>
        <b-form-radio value="dark" inline>Dark</b-form-radio>
      </b-form-radio-group>
    </b-form-group>
    <b-form-group label="Table Variant" label-for="table-style-variant" label-cols-lg="2">
      <b-form-select
        v-model="tableVariant"
        :options="tableVariants"
        id="table-style-variant"
      >
        <template v-slot:first>
          <option value="">-- None --</option>
        </template>
      </b-form-select>
    </b-form-group>

    <b-table
      :striped="striped"
      :bordered="bordered"
      :borderless="borderless"
      :outlined="outlined"
      :small="small"
      :hover="hover"
      :dark="dark"
      :fixed="fixed"
      :foot-clone="footClone"
      :no-border-collapse="noCollapse"
      :items="items"
      :fields="fields"
      :head-variant="headVariant"
      :table-variant="tableVariant"
    ></b-table>
  </div>
</template>

<script>
  export default {
    data() {
      return {
        fields: ['first_name', 'last_name', 'age'],
        items: [
          { age: 40, first_name: 'Dickerson', last_name: 'Macdonald' },
          { age: 21, first_name: 'Larsen', last_name: 'Shaw' },
          { age: 89, first_name: 'Geneva', last_name: 'Wilson' }
        ],
        tableVariants: [
          'primary',
          'secondary',
          'info',
          'danger',
          'warning',
          'success',
          'light',
          'dark'
        ],
        striped: false,
        bordered: false,
        borderless: false,
        outlined: false,
        small: false,
        hover: false,
        dark: false,
        fixed: false,
        footClone: false,
        headVariant: null,
        tableVariant: '',
        noCollapse: false
      }
    }
  }
</script>

<!-- b-table-bordered.vue -->

Row styling

You can also style every row using the tbody-tr-class prop

Property Type Description
tbodyTrClass String, Array or Function Classes to be applied to every row on the table. If a function is given, it will be called as tbodyTrClass( item, type ) and it may return an Array, Object or String.

When passing a function reference to tbody-tr-class, the function's arguments will be as follows:

  • item - The item record data associated with the row. For rows that are not associated with an item record, this value will be null or undefined
  • type - The type of row being rendered. 'row' for an item row, 'row-details' for an item details row, 'row-top' for the fixed row top slot, 'row-bottom' for the fixed row bottom slot, or 'table-busy' for the table busy slot.

Example: Basic row styles

<template>
  <div>
    <b-table :items="items" :fields="fields" :tbody-tr-class="rowClass"></b-table>
  </div>
</template>

<script>
  export default {
    data() {
      return {
        fields: ['first_name', 'last_name', 'age'],
        items: [
          { age: 40, first_name: 'Dickerson', last_name: 'Macdonald', status: 'awesome' },
          { age: 21, first_name: 'Larsen', last_name: 'Shaw' },
          { age: 89, first_name: 'Geneva', last_name: 'Wilson' }
        ]
      }
    },
    methods: {
      rowClass(item, type) {
        if (!item) return
        if (item.status === 'awesome') return 'table-success'
      }
    }
  }
</script>

<!-- b-table-styled-row.vue -->

Responsive tables

Responsive tables allow tables to be scrolled horizontally with ease. Make any table responsive across all viewports by setting the prop responsive to true. Or, pick a maximum breakpoint with which to have a responsive table up to by setting the prop responsive to one of the breakpoint values: sm, md, lg, or xl.

Example: Always responsive table

<template>
  <div>
    <b-table responsive :items="items"></b-table>
  </div>
</template>

<script>
  export default {
    data() {
      return {
        items: [
          {
            heading1: 'table cell',
            heading2: 'table cell',
            heading3: 'table cell',
            heading4: 'table cell',
            heading5: 'table cell',
            heading6: 'table cell',
            heading7: 'table cell',
            heading8: 'table cell',
            heading9: 'table cell',
            heading10: 'table cell',
            heading11: 'table cell',
            heading12: 'table cell'
          },
          {
            heading1: 'table cell',
            heading2: 'table cell',
            heading3: 'table cell',
            heading4: 'table cell',
            heading5: 'table cell',
            heading6: 'table cell',
            heading7: 'table cell',
            heading8: 'table cell',
            heading9: 'table cell',
            heading10: 'table cell',
            heading11: 'table cell',
            heading12: 'table cell'
          },
          {
            heading1: 'table cell',
            heading2: 'table cell',
            heading3: 'table cell',
            heading4: 'table cell',
            heading5: 'table cell',
            heading6: 'table cell',
            heading7: 'table cell',
            heading8: 'table cell',
            heading9: 'table cell',
            heading10: 'table cell',
            heading11: 'table cell',
            heading12: 'table cell'
          }
        ]
      }
    }
  }
</script>

<!-- b-table-responsive.vue -->

Responsive table notes:

  • Possible vertical clipping/truncation. Responsive tables make use of overflow-y: hidden, which clips off any content that goes beyond the bottom or top edges of the table. In particular, this may clip off dropdown menus and other third-party widgets.

Stacked tables

An alternative to responsive tables, BootstrapVue includes the stacked table option (using custom SCSS/CSS), which allow tables to be rendered in a visually stacked format. Make any table stacked across all viewports by setting the prop stacked to true. Or, alternatively, set a breakpoint at which the table will return to normal table format by setting the prop stacked to one of the breakpoint values 'sm', 'md', 'lg', or 'xl'.

Column header labels will be rendered to the left of each field value using a CSS ::before pseudo element, with a width of 40%.

The prop stacked takes precedence over the responsive prop, sticky-header props, and the stickyColumn field definition property.

Example: Always stacked table

<template>
  <div>
    <b-table stacked :items="items"></b-table>
  </div>
</template>

<script>
  export default {
    data() {
      return {
        items: [
          { age: 40, first_name: 'Dickerson', last_name: 'Macdonald' },
          { age: 21, first_name: 'Larsen', last_name: 'Shaw' },
          { age: 89, first_name: 'Geneva', last_name: 'Wilson' }
        ]
      }
    }
  }
</script>

<!-- b-table-stacked.vue -->

Note: When the table is visually stacked:

  • The table header (and table footer) will be hidden.
  • Custom rendered header slots will not be shown, rather, the fields' label will be used.
  • The table cannot be sorted by clicking the rendered field labels. You will need to provide an external control to select the field to sort by and the sort direction. See the Sorting section below for sorting control information, as well as the complete example at the bottom of this page for an example of controlling sorting via the use of form controls.
  • The slots top-row and bottom-row will be hidden when visually stacked.
  • The table caption, if provided, will always appear at the top of the table when visually stacked.
  • In an always stacked table, the table header and footer, and the fixed top and bottom row slots will not be rendered.

BootstrapVue's custom CSS is required in order to support stacked tables.

Table caption

Add an optional caption to your table via the prop caption or the named slot table-caption (the slot takes precedence over the prop). The default Bootstrap v4 styling places the caption at the bottom of the table:

<template>
  <div>
    <b-table :items="items" :fields="fields">
      <template v-slot:table-caption>This is a table caption.</template>
    </b-table>
  </div>
</template>

<script>
  export default {
    data() {
      return {
        fields: ['first_name', 'last_name', 'age'],
        items: [
          { age: 40, first_name: 'Dickerson', last_name: 'Macdonald' },
          { age: 21, first_name: 'Larsen', last_name: 'Shaw' },
          { age: 89, first_name: 'Geneva', last_name: 'Wilson' }
        ]
      }
    }
  }
</script>

<!-- b-table-caption.vue -->

You can have the caption placed at the top of the table by setting the caption-top prop to true:

<template>
  <div>
    <b-table :items="items" :fields="fields" caption-top>
      <template v-slot:table-caption>This is a table caption at the top.</template>
    </b-table>
  </div>
</template>

<script>
  export default {
    data() {
      return {
        fields: ['first_name', 'last_name', 'age'],
        items: [
          { age: 40, first_name: 'Dickerson', last_name: 'Macdonald' },
          { age: 21, first_name: 'Larsen', last_name: 'Shaw' },
          { age: 89, first_name: 'Geneva', last_name: 'Wilson' }
        ]
      }
    }
  }
</script>

<!-- b-table-caption-top.vue -->

You can also use custom CSS to control the caption positioning.

Table colgroup

Use the named slot table-colgroup to specify <colgroup> and <col> elements for optional grouping and styling of table columns. Note the styles available via <col> elements are limited. Refer to MDN for details and usage of <colgroup>

Slot table-colgroup can be optionally scoped, receiving an object with the following properties:

Property Type Description
columns Number The number of columns in the rendered table
fields Array Array of field definition objects (normalized to the array of objects format)

When provided, the content of the table-colgroup slot will be placed inside of a <colgroup> element. there is no need to provide your own outer <colgroup> element. When a series of table columns should be grouped for assistive technology reasons (for conveying logical column associations, use a <col span="#"> element (with # replaced with the number of grouped columns) to group the series of columns.

Tip: In some situations when trying to set column widths via style or class on the <col> element, you may find that placing the table in fixed header width (table fixed layout mode) mode, combined with responsive (horizontal scrolling) mode will help, although you will need to have explicit widths, or minimum widths, via a style or a class for each column's respective <col> element. For example:

<b-table fixed responsive :items="items" :fields="fields" ... >
  <template v-slot:table-colgroup="scope">
    <col
      v-for="field in scope.fields"
      :key="field.key"
      :style="{ width: field.key === 'foo' ? '120px' : '180px' }"
    >
  </template>
  <!-- additional table slots here if needed -->
</b-table>

Table busy state

<b-table> provides a busy prop that will flag the table as busy, which you can set to true just before you update your items, and then set it to false once you have your items. When in the busy state, the table will have the attribute aria-busy="true".

During the busy state, the table will be rendered in a "muted" look (opacity: 0.6), using the following custom CSS:

/* Busy table styling */
table.b-table[aria-busy='true'] {
  opacity: 0.6;
}

You can override this styling using your own CSS.

You may optionally provide a table-busy slot to show a custom loading message or spinner whenever the table's busy state is true. The slot will be placed in a <tr> element with class b-table-busy-slot, which has one single <td> with a colspan set to the number of fields.

Example of table-busy slot usage:

<template>
  <div>
    <b-button @click="toggleBusy">Toggle Busy State</b-button>

    <b-table :items="items" :busy="isBusy" class="mt-3" outlined>
      <template v-slot:table-busy>
        <div class="text-center text-danger my-2">
          <b-spinner class="align-middle"></b-spinner>
          <strong>Loading...</strong>
        </div>
      </template>
    </b-table>
  </div>
</template>

<script>
  export default {
    data() {
      return {
        isBusy: false,
        items: [
          { first_name: 'Dickerson', last_name: 'MacDonald', age: 40 },
          { first_name: 'Larsen', last_name: 'Shaw', age: 21 },
          { first_name: 'Geneva', last_name: 'Wilson', age: 89 },
          { first_name: 'Jami', last_name: 'Carney', age: 38 }
        ]
      }
    },
    methods: {
      toggleBusy() {
        this.isBusy = !this.isBusy
      }
    }
  }
</script>

<!-- b-table-busy-slot.vue -->

Also see the Using Items Provider Functions below for additional information on the busy state.

Notes:

  • All click related and hover events, and sort-changed events will not be emitted when the table is in the busy state.
  • Busy styling and slot are not available in the <b-table-lite> component.

Custom data rendering

Custom rendering for each data field in a row is possible using either scoped slots or a formatter callback function, or a combination of both.

Scoped field slots

Scoped field slots give you greater control over how the record data appears. You can use scoped slots to provided custom rendering for a particular field. If you want to add an extra field which does not exist in the records, just add it to the fields array, and then reference the field(s) in the scoped slot(s). Scoped field slots use the following naming syntax: 'cell(' + field key + ')'.

You can use the default fall-back scoped slot 'cell()' to format any cells that do not have an explicit scoped slot provided.

Example: Custom data rendering with scoped slots

<template>
  <div>
    <b-table small :fields="fields" :items="items" responsive="sm">
      <!-- A virtual column -->
      <template v-slot:cell(index)="data">
        {{ data.index + 1 }}
      </template>

      <!-- A custom formatted column -->
      <template v-slot:cell(name)="data">
        <b class="text-info">{{ data.value.last.toUpperCase() }}</b>, <b>{{ data.value.first }}</b>
      </template>

      <!-- A virtual composite column -->
      <template v-slot:cell(nameage)="data">
        {{ data.item.name.first }} is {{ data.item.age }} years old
      </template>

      <!-- Optional default data cell scoped slot -->
      <template v-slot:cell()="data">
        <i>{{ data.value }}</i>
      </template>
    </b-table>
  </div>
</template>

<script>
  export default {
    data() {
      return {
        fields: [
          // A virtual column that doesn't exist in items
          'index',
          // A column that needs custom formatting
          { key: 'name', label: 'Full Name' },
          // A regular column
          'age',
          // A regular column
          'sex',
          // A virtual column made up from two fields
          { key: 'nameage', label: 'First name and age' }
        ],
        items: [
          { name: { first: 'John', last: 'Doe' }, sex: 'Male', age: 42 },
          { name: { first: 'Jane', last: 'Doe' }, sex: 'Female', age: 36 },
          { name: { first: 'Rubin', last: 'Kincade' }, sex: 'Male', age: 73 },
          { name: { first: 'Shirley', last: 'Partridge' }, sex: 'Female', age: 62 }
        ]
      }
    }
  }
</script>

<!-- b-table-data-slots.vue -->

The slot's scope variable (data in the above sample) will have the following properties:

Property Type Description
index Number The row number (indexed from zero) relative to the displayed rows
item Object The entire raw record data (i.e. items[index]) for this row (before any formatter is applied)
value Any The value for this key in the record (null or undefined if a virtual column), or the output of the field's formatter function
unformatted Any The raw value for this key in the item record (null or undefined if a virtual column), before being passed to the field's formatter function
field Object The field's normalized field definition object
detailsShowing Boolean Will be true if the row's row-details scoped slot is visible. See section Row details support below for additional information
toggleDetails Function Can be called to toggle the visibility of the rows row-details scoped slot. See section Row details support below for additional information
rowSelected Boolean Will be true if the row has been selected. See section Row select support for additional information
selectRow Function When called, selects the current row. See section Row select support for additional information
unselectRow Function When called, unselects the current row. See section Row select support for additional information

Notes:

  • index will not always be the actual row's index number, as it is computed after filtering, sorting and pagination have been applied to the original table data. The index value will refer to the displayed row number. This number will align with the indexes from the optional v-model bound variable.
  • When using the new Vue 2.6 v-slot syntax, note that slot names cannot contain spaces, and when using in-browser DOM templates the slot names will always be lower cased. To get around this, you can pass the slot name using Vue's dynamic slot names

Displaying raw HTML

By default b-table escapes HTML tags in items data and results of formatter functions, if you need to display raw HTML code in b-table, you should use v-html directive on an element in a in scoped field slot.

<template>
  <div>
    <b-table :items="items">
      <template v-slot:cell(html)="data">
        <span v-html="data.value"></span>
      </template>
    </b-table>
  </div>
</template>

<script>
  export default {
    data() {
      return {
        items: [
          {
            text: 'This is <i>escaped</i> content',
            html: 'This is <i>raw <strong>HTML</strong></i> <span style="color:red">content</span>'
          }
        ]
      }
    }
  }
</script>

<!-- b-table-html-data-slots.vue -->

Warning: Be cautious of using the v-html method to display user supplied content, as it may make your application vulnerable to XSS attacks, if you do not first sanitize the user supplied string.

Formatter callback

Optionally, you can customize field output by using a formatter callback function. To enable this, the field's formatter property is used. The value of this property may be String or function reference. In case of a String value, the function must be defined at the parent component's methods. When providing formatter as a Function, it must be declared at global scope (window or as global mixin at Vue, or as an anonymous function), unless it has been bound to a this context.

The callback function accepts three arguments - value, key, and item, and should return the formatted value as a string (HTML strings are not supported)

Example: Custom data rendering with formatter callback function

<template>
  <div>
    <b-table :fields="fields" :items="items">
      <template v-slot:cell(name)="data">
        <!-- `data.value` is the value after formatted by the Formatter -->
        <a :href="`#${data.value.replace(/[^a-z]+/i,'-').toLowerCase()}`">{{ data.value }}</a>
      </template>
    </b-table>
  </div>
</template>

<script>
  export default {
    data() {
      return {
        fields: [
          {
            // A column that needs custom formatting,
            // calling formatter 'fullName' in this app
            key: 'name',
            label: 'Full Name',
            formatter: 'fullName'
          },
          // A regular column
          'age',
          {
            // A regular column with custom formatter
            key: 'sex',
            formatter: value => {
              return value.charAt(0).toUpperCase()
            }
          },
          {
            // A virtual column with custom formatter
            key: 'birthYear',
            label: 'Calculated Birth Year',
            formatter: (value, key, item) => {
              return new Date().getFullYear() - item.age
            }
          }
        ],
        items: [
          { name: { first: 'John', last: 'Doe' }, sex: 'Male', age: 42 },
          { name: { first: 'Jane', last: 'Doe' }, sex: 'Female', age: 36 },
          { name: { first: 'Rubin', last: 'Kincade' }, sex: 'male', age: 73 },
          { name: { first: 'Shirley', last: 'Partridge' }, sex: 'female', age: 62 }
        ]
      }
    },
    methods: {
      fullName(value) {
        return `${value.first} ${value.last}`
      }
    }
  }
</script>

<!-- b-table-data-formatter.vue -->

It is also possible to provide custom rendering for the tables thead and tfoot elements. Note by default the table footer is not rendered unless foot-clone is set to true.

Scoped slots for the header and footer cells uses a special naming convention of 'head(<fieldkey>)' and 'foot(<fieldkey>)' respectively. if a 'foot(...)' slot for a field is not provided, but a 'head(...)' slot is provided, then the footer will use the 'head(...)' slot content.

You can use a default fall-back scoped slot 'head()' or 'foot()' to format any header or footer cells that do not have an explicit scoped slot provided.

<template>
  <div>
    <b-table :fields="fields" :items="items" foot-clone>
      <!-- A custom formatted data column cell -->
      <template v-slot:cell(name)="data">
        {{ data.value.first }} {{ data.value.last }}
      </template>

      <!-- A custom formatted header cell for field 'name' -->
      <template v-slot:head(name)="data">
        <span class="text-info">{{ data.label.toUpperCase() }}</span>
      </template>

      <!-- A custom formatted footer cell for field 'name' -->
      <template v-slot:foot(name)="data">
        <span class="text-danger">{{ data.label }}</span>
      </template>

      <!-- Default fall-back custom formatted footer cell -->
      <template v-slot:foot()="data">
        <i>{{ data.label }}</i>
      </template>
    </b-table>
  </div>
</template>

<script>
  export default {
    data() {
      return {
        fields: [
          // A column that needs custom formatting
          { key: 'name', label: 'Full Name' },
          // A regular column
          'age',
          // A regular column
          'sex'
        ],
        items: [
          { name: { first: 'John', last: 'Doe' }, sex: 'Male', age: 42 },
          { name: { first: 'Jane', last: 'Doe' }, sex: 'Female', age: 36 },
          { name: { first: 'Rubin', last: 'Kincade' }, sex: 'Male', age: 73 },
          { name: { first: 'Shirley', last: 'Partridge' }, sex: 'Female', age: 62 }
        ]
      }
    }
  }
</script>

<!-- b-table-head-foot-slots.vue -->

The slots can be optionally scoped (data in the above example), and will have the following properties:

Property Type Description
column String The fields's key value
field Object the field's object (from the fields prop)
label String The fields label value (also available as data.field.label)
selectAllRows Method Select all rows (applicable if the table is in selectable mode
clearSelected Method Unselect all rows (applicable if the table is in selectable mode

When placing inputs, buttons, selects or links within a head(...) or foot(...) slot, note that head-clicked event will not be emitted when the input, select, textarea is clicked (unless they are disabled). head-clicked will never be emitted when clicking on links or buttons inside the scoped slots (even when disabled)

Notes:

  • When using the new Vue 2.6 v-slot syntax, note that slot names cannot contain spaces, and when using in-browser DOM templates the slot names will always be lower cased. To get around this, you can pass the slot name using Vue's dynamic slot names

Adding additional rows to the header

If you wish to add additional rows to the header you may do so via the thead-top slot. This slot is inserted before the header cells row, and is not automatically encapsulated by <tr>..</tr> tags. It is recommended to use the BootstrapVue table helper components, rather than native browser table child elements.

<template>
  <div>
    <b-table
      :items="items"
      :fields="fields"
      responsive="sm"
    >
      <template v-slot:thead-top="data">
        <b-tr>
          <b-th colspan="2"><span class="sr-only">Name and ID</span></b-th>
          <b-th variant="secondary">Type 1</b-th>
          <b-th variant="primary" colspan="3">Type 2</b-th>
          <b-th variant="danger">Type 3</b-th>
        </b-tr>
      </template>
    </b-table>
  </div>
</template>

<script>
  export default {
    data() {
      return {
        items: [
          { name: 'Stephen Hawking', id: 1, type1: false, type2a: true, type2b: false, type2c: false, type3: false },
          { name: 'Johnny Appleseed', id: 2, type1: false, type2a: true, type2b: true, type2c: false, type3: false },
          { name: 'George Washington', id: 3, type1: false, type2a: false, type2b: false, type2c: false, type3: true },
          { name: 'Albert Einstein', id: 4, type1: true, type2a: false, type2b: false, type2c: true, type3: false },
          { name: 'Isaac Newton', id: 5, type1: true, type2a: true, type2b: false, type2c: true, type3: false },
        ],
        fields: [
          'name',
          { key: 'id', label: 'ID' },
          { key: 'type1', label: 'Type 1' },
          { key: 'type2a', label: 'Type 2A' },
          { key: 'type2b', label: 'Type 2B' },
          { key: 'type2c', label: 'Type 2C' },
          { key: 'type3', label: 'Type 3' }
        ]
      }
    }
  }
</script>

<!-- b-table-thead-top-slot.vue -->

Slot thead-top can be optionally scoped, receiving an object with the following properties:

Property Type Description
columns Number The number of columns in the rendered table
fields Array Array of field definition objects (normalized to the array of objects format)
selectAllRows Method Select all rows (applicable if the table is in selectable mode
clearSelected Method Unselect all rows (applicable if the table is in selectable mode

If you need greater layout control of the content of the <tfoot>, you can use the optionally scoped slot custom-foot to provide your own rows and cells. Use BootstrapVue's table helper sub-components <b-tr>, <b-th>, and <b-td> to generate your custom footer layout.

Slot custom-foot can be optionally scoped, receiving an object with the following properties:

Property Type Description
columns Number The number of columns in the rendered table
fields Array Array of field definition objects (normalized to the array of objects format)
items Array Array of the currently displayed items records - after filtering, sorting and pagination

Notes:

  • The custom-foot slot will not be rendered if the foot-clone prop has been set.
  • head-clicked events are not be emitted when clicking on custom-foot cells.
  • Sorting and sorting icons are not available for cells in the custom-foot slot.
  • The custom footer will not be shown when the table is in visually stacked mode.

Custom empty and emptyfiltered rendering via slots

Aside from using empty-text, empty-filtered-text, empty-html, and empty-filtered-html, it is also possible to provide custom rendering for tables that have no data to display using named slots.

In order for these slots to be shown, the show-empty attribute must be set and items must be either falsy or an array of length 0.

<div>
  <b-table :fields="fields" :items="items" show-empty>
    <template v-slot:empty="scope">
      <h4>{{ scope.emptyText }}</h4>
    </template>
    <template v-slot:emptyfiltered="scope">
      <h4>{{ scope.emptyFilteredText }}</h4>
    </template>
  </b-table>
</div>

The slot can optionally be scoped. The slot's scope (scope in the above example) will have the following properties:

Property Type Description
emptyHtml String The empty-html prop
emptyText String The empty-text prop
emptyFilteredHtml String The empty-filtered-html prop
emptyFilteredText String The empty-filtered-text prop
fields Array The fields prop
items Array The items prop. Exposed here to check null vs []

Advanced features

Sticky headers

Use the sticky-header prop to enable a vertically scrolling table with headers that remain fixed (sticky) as the table body scrolls. Setting the prop to true (or no explicit value) will generate a table that has a maximum height of 300px. To specify a maximum height other than 300px, set the sticky-header prop to a valid CSS height (including units), i.e. sticky-header="200px". Tables with sticky-header enabled will also automatically become always responsive horizontally, regardless of the responsive prop setting, if the table is wider than the available horizontal space.

<template>
  <div>
    <b-table sticky-header :items="items" head-variant="light"></b-table>
  </div>
</template>

<script>
  export default {
    data() {
      return {
        items: [
          { heading1: 'table cell', heading2: 'table cell', heading3: 'table cell' },
          { heading1: 'table cell', heading2: 'table cell', heading3: 'table cell' },
          { heading1: 'table cell', heading2: 'table cell', heading3: 'table cell' },
          { heading1: 'table cell', heading2: 'table cell', heading3: 'table cell' },
          { heading1: 'table cell', heading2: 'table cell', heading3: 'table cell' },
          { heading1: 'table cell', heading2: 'table cell', heading3: 'table cell' },
          { heading1: 'table cell', heading2: 'table cell', heading3: 'table cell' },
          { heading1: 'table cell', heading2: 'table cell', heading3: 'table cell' },
          { heading1: 'table cell', heading2: 'table cell', heading3: 'table cell' },
          { heading1: 'table cell', heading2: 'table cell', heading3: 'table cell' },
          { heading1: 'table cell', heading2: 'table cell', heading3: 'table cell' },
          { heading1: 'table cell', heading2: 'table cell', heading3: 'table cell' }
        ]
      }
    }
  }
</script>

<!-- b-table-sticky-header.vue -->

Sticky header notes:

  • The sticky-header prop has no effect if the table has the stacked prop set.
  • Sticky header tables are wrapped inside a vertically scrollable <div> with a maximum height set.
  • BootstrapVue's custom CSS is required in order to support sticky-header.
  • Bootstrap v4 uses the CSS style border-collapse: collapsed on table elements. This prevents the borders on the sticky header from "sticking" to the header, and hence the borders will scroll when the body scrolls. To get around this issue, set the pop no-border-collapse on the table (note that this may cause double width borders when using features such as bordered, etc).
  • The sticky header feature uses CSS style position: sticky to position the headings. Internet Explorer does not support position: sticky, hence for IE11 the table headings will scroll with the table body.

Sticky columns

Columns can be made sticky, where they stick to the left of the table when the table has a horizontal scrollbar. To make a column a sticky column, set the stickyColumn prop in the field's header definition. Sticky columns will only work when the table has either the sticky-header prop set and/or the responsive prop is set.

Example: Sticky columns and headers

<template>
  <div>
    <div class="mb-2">
      <b-form-checkbox v-model="stickyHeader" inline>Sticky header</b-form-checkbox>
      <b-form-checkbox v-model="noCollapse" inline>No border collapse</b-form-checkbox>
    </div>
    <b-table
      :sticky-header="stickyHeader"
      :no-border-collapse="noCollapse"
      responsive
      :items="items"
      :fields="fields"
    >
      <!-- We are using utility class `text-nowrap` to help illustrate horizontal scrolling -->
      <template v-slot:head(id)="scope">
        <div class="text-nowrap">Row ID</div>
      </template>
      <template v-slot:head()="scope">
        <div class="text-nowrap">
          Heading {{ scope.label }}
        </div>
      </template>
    </b-table>
  </div>
</template>

<script>
  export default {
    data() {
      return {
        stickyHeader: true,
        noCollapse: false,
        fields: [
          { key: 'id', stickyColumn: true, isRowHeader: true, variant: 'primary' },
          'a',
          'b',
          { key: 'c', stickyColumn: true, variant: 'info' },
          'd',
          'e',
          'f',
          'g',
          'h',
          'i',
          'j',
          'k',
          'l'
        ],
        items: [
          { id: 1, a: 0, b: 1, c: 2, d: 3, e: 4, f: 5, g: 6, h: 7, i: 8, j: 9, k: 10, l: 11 },
          { id: 2, a: 0, b: 1, c: 2, d: 3, e: 4, f: 5, g: 6, h: 7, i: 8, j: 9, k: 10, l: 11 },
          { id: 3, a: 0, b: 1, c: 2, d: 3, e: 4, f: 5, g: 6, h: 7, i: 8, j: 9, k: 10, l: 11 },
          { id: 4, a: 0, b: 1, c: 2, d: 3, e: 4, f: 5, g: 6, h: 7, i: 8, j: 9, k: 10, l: 11 },
          { id: 5, a: 0, b: 1, c: 2, d: 3, e: 4, f: 5, g: 6, h: 7, i: 8, j: 9, k: 10, l: 11 },
          { id: 6, a: 0, b: 1, c: 2, d: 3, e: 4, f: 5, g: 6, h: 7, i: 8, j: 9, k: 10, l: 11 },
          { id: 7, a: 0, b: 1, c: 2, d: 3, e: 4, f: 5, g: 6, h: 7, i: 8, j: 9, k: 10, l: 11 },
          { id: 8, a: 0, b: 1, c: 2, d: 3, e: 4, f: 5, g: 6, h: 7, i: 8, j: 9, k: 10, l: 11 },
          { id: 9, a: 0, b: 1, c: 2, d: 3, e: 4, f: 5, g: 6, h: 7, i: 8, j: 9, k: 10, l: 11 },
          { id: 10, a: 0, b: 1, c: 2, d: 3, e: 4, f: 5, g: 6, h: 7, i: 8, j: 9, k: 10, l: 11 }
        ]
      }
    }
  }
</script>

<!-- table-sticky-columns.vue -->

Sticky column notes:

  • Sticky columns has no effect if the table has the stacked prop set.
  • Sticky columns tables require either the sticky-header and/or responsive modes, and are wrapped inside a horizontally scrollable <div>.
  • When you have multiple columns that are set as stickyColumn, the columns will stack over each other visually, and the left-most sticky columns may "peek" out from under the next sticky column. To get around this behaviour, make sure your latter stickyColumns are the same width or wider than previous sticky columns.
  • Bootstrap v4 uses the CSS style border-collapse: collapsed on table elements. This prevents any borders on the sticky columns from "sticking" to the column, and hence those borders will scroll when the body scrolls. To get around this issue, set the prop no-border-collapse on the table (note that this may cause double width borders when using features such as bordered, etc).
  • BootstrapVue's custom CSS is required in order to support sticky columns.
  • The sticky column feature uses CSS style position: sticky to position the column cells. Internet Explorer does not support position: sticky, hence for IE11 the sticky column will scroll with the table body.

Row details support

If you would optionally like to display additional record information (such as columns not specified in the fields definition array), you can use the scoped slot row-details, in combination with the special item record Boolean property _showDetails.

If the record has it's _showDetails property set to true, and a row-details scoped slot exists, a new row will be shown just below the item, with the rendered contents of the row-details scoped slot.

In the scoped field slot, you can toggle the visibility of the row's row-details scoped slot by calling the toggleDetails function passed to the field's scoped slot variable. You can use the scoped fields slot variable detailsShowing to determine the visibility of the row-details slot.

Note: If manipulating the _showDetails property directly on the item data (i.e. not via the toggleDetails function reference), the _showDetails properly must exist in the items data for proper reactive detection of changes to it's value. Read more about Vue's reactivity limitations.

Available row-details scoped variable properties:

Property Type Description
item Object The entire row record data object
index Number The current visible row number
fields Array The normalized fields definition array (in the array of objects format)
toggleDetails Function Function to toggle visibility of the row's details slot
rowSelected Boolean Will be true if the row has been selected. See section Row select support for additional information
selectRow Function When called, selects the current row. See section Row select support for additional information
unselectRow Function When called, unselects the current row. See section Row select support for additional information

Note: the row select related scope properties are only available in <b-table>.

In the following example, we show two methods of toggling the visibility of the details: one via a button, and one via a checkbox. We also have the third row details defaulting to have details initially showing.

<template>
  <div>
    <b-table :items="items" :fields="fields" striped responsive="sm">
      <template v-slot:cell(show_details)="row">
        <b-button size="sm" @click="row.toggleDetails" class="mr-2">
          {{ row.detailsShowing ? 'Hide' : 'Show'}} Details
        </b-button>

        <!-- As `row.showDetails` is one-way, we call the toggleDetails function on @change -->
        <b-form-checkbox v-model="row.detailsShowing" @change="row.toggleDetails">
          Details via check
        </b-form-checkbox>
      </template>

      <template v-slot:row-details="row">
        <b-card>
          <b-row class="mb-2">
            <b-col sm="3" class="text-sm-right"><b>Age:</b></b-col>
            <b-col>{{ row.item.age }}</b-col>
          </b-row>

          <b-row class="mb-2">
            <b-col sm="3" class="text-sm-right"><b>Is Active:</b></b-col>
            <b-col>{{ row.item.isActive }}</b-col>
          </b-row>

          <b-button size="sm" @click="row.toggleDetails">Hide Details</b-button>
        </b-card>
      </template>
    </b-table>
  </div>
</template>

<script>
  export default {
    data() {
      return {
        fields: ['first_name', 'last_name', 'show_details'],
        items: [
          { isActive: true, age: 40, first_name: 'Dickerson', last_name: 'Macdonald' },
          { isActive: false, age: 21, first_name: 'Larsen', last_name: 'Shaw' },
          {
            isActive: false,
            age: 89,
            first_name: 'Geneva',
            last_name: 'Wilson',
            _showDetails: true
          },
          { isActive: true, age: 38, first_name: 'Jami', last_name: 'Carney' }
        ]
      }
    }
  }
</script>

<!-- b-table-details.vue -->

Row select support

You can make rows selectable, by using the <b-table> prop selectable.

Users can easily change the selecting mode by setting the select-mode prop.

  • 'multi': Each click will select/deselect the row (default mode)
  • 'single': Only a single row can be selected at one time
  • 'range': Any row clicked is selected, any other deselected. SHIFT + click selects a range of rows, and CTRL (or CMD) + click will toggle the selected row.

When a table is selectable and the user clicks on a row, <b-table> will emit the row-selected event, passing a single argument which is the complete list of selected items. Treat this argument as read-only.

Rows can also be programmatically selected and unselected via the following exposed methods on the <b-table> instance (i.e. via a reference to the table instance via this.$refs):

Method Description
selectRow(index) Selects a row with the given index number.
unselectRow(index) Unselects a row with the given index number.
selectAllRows() Selects all rows in the table, except in single mode in which case only the first row is selected.
clearSelected() Unselects all rows.
isRowSelected(index) Returns true if the row with the given index is selected, otherwise it returns false.

Programmatic row selection notes:

  • index is the zero-based index of the table's visible rows, after filtering, sorting, and pagination have been applied.
  • In single mode, selectRow(index) will unselect any previous selected row.
  • Attempting to selectRow(index) or unselectRow(index) on a non-existent row will be ignored.
  • The table must be selectable for any of these methods to have effect.
  • You can disable selection of rows via click events by setting the no-select-on-click prop. Rows will then only be selectable programmatically.

Row select notes:

  • Sorting, filtering, or paginating the table will clear the active selection. The row-selected event will be emitted with an empty array ([]) if needed.
  • When the table is in selectable mode, all data item <tr> elements will be in the document tab sequence (tabindex="0") for accessibility reasons, and will have the attribute aria-selected set to either 'true' or 'false' depending on the selected state of the row.
  • When a table is selectable, the table will have the attribute aria-multiselect set to either 'false' for single mode, and 'true' for either multi or range modes.

When a <b-table> is selectable, it will have class b-table-selectable and one of the following three classes (depending on which mode is in use) on the <table> element:

  • b-table-select-single
  • b-table-select-multi
  • b-table-select-range

When at least one row is selected, the class b-table-selecting will be active on the <table> element. Rows that are selected rows will have a class of b-table-row-selected applied to the <tr> element.

Use the prop selected-variant to apply a Bootstrap theme color to the selected row(s). Note, due to the order that the table variants are defined in Bootstrap's CSS, any row-variant might take precedence over the selected-variant. You can set selected-variant to an empty string if you will be using other means to convey that a row is selected (such as a scoped field slot in the below example).

The selected-variant can be any of the standard (or custom) bootstrap base color variants, or the special table active variant (the default) which takes precedence over any specific row or cell variants.

For accessibility reasons (specifically for color blind users, or users with color contrast issues), it is highly recommended to always provide some other visual means of conveying that a row is selected, such as a virtual column as shown in the example below.

<template>
  <div>
    <b-form-group label="Selection mode:" label-cols-md="4">
      <b-form-select v-model="selectMode" :options="modes" class="mb-3"></b-form-select>
    </b-form-group>

    <b-table
      ref="selectableTable"
      selectable
      :select-mode="selectMode"
      :items="items"
      :fields="fields"
      @row-selected="onRowSelected"
      responsive="sm"
    >
      <!-- Example scoped slot for select state illustrative purposes -->
      <template v-slot:cell(selected)="{ rowSelected }">
        <template v-if="rowSelected">
          <span aria-hidden="true">&check;</span>
          <span class="sr-only">Selected</span>
        </template>
        <template v-else>
          <span aria-hidden="true">&nbsp;</span>
          <span class="sr-only">Not selected</span>
        </template>
      </template>
    </b-table>
    <p>
      <b-button size="sm" @click="selectAllRows">Select all</b-button>
      <b-button size="sm" @click="clearSelected">Clear selected</b-button>
      <b-button size="sm" @click="selectThirdRow">Select 3rd row</b-button>
      <b-button size="sm" @click="unselectThirdRow">Unselect 3rd row</b-button>
    </p>
    <p>
      Selected Rows:<br>
      {{ selected }}
    </p>
  </div>
</template>

<script>
  export default {
    data() {
      return {
        modes: ['multi', 'single', 'range'],
        fields: ['selected', 'isActive', 'age', 'first_name', 'last_name'],
        items: [
          { isActive: true, age: 40, first_name: 'Dickerson', last_name: 'Macdonald' },
          { isActive: false, age: 21, first_name: 'Larsen', last_name: 'Shaw' },
          { isActive: false, age: 89, first_name: 'Geneva', last_name: 'Wilson' },
          { isActive: true, age: 38, first_name: 'Jami', last_name: 'Carney' }
        ],
        selectMode: 'multi',
        selected: []
      }
    },
    methods: {
      onRowSelected(items) {
        this.selected = items
      },
      selectAllRows() {
        this.$refs.selectableTable.selectAllRows()
      },
      clearSelected() {
        this.$refs.selectableTable.clearSelected()
      },
      selectThirdRow() {
        // Rows are indexed from 0, so the third row is index 2
        this.$refs.selectableTable.selectRow(2)
      },
      unselectThirdRow() {
        // Rows are indexed from 0, so the third row is index 2
        this.$refs.selectableTable.unselectRow(2)
      }
    }
  }
</script>

<!-- b-table-selectable.vue -->

Table body transition support

Vue transitions and animations are optionally supported on the <tbody> element via the use of Vue's <transition-group> component internally. Three props are available for transitions support (all three default to undefined):

Prop Type Description
tbody-transition-props Object Object of transition-group properties
tbody-transition-handlers Object Object of transition-group event handlers
primary-key String String specifying the field to use as a unique row key (required)

To enable transitions you need to specify tbody-transition-props and/or tbody-transition-handlers, and must specify which field key to use as a unique key via the primary-key prop. Your data must have a column (specified by setting the primary-key prop to the name of the field) that has a unique value per row in order for transitions to work properly. The primary-key field's value can either be a unique string or number. The field specified does not need to appear in the rendered table output, but it must exist in each row of your items data.

You must also provide CSS to handle your transitions (if using CSS transitions) in your project.

For more information of Vue's list rendering transitions, see the Vue JS official docs.

In the example below, we have used the following custom CSS:

table#table-transition-example .flip-list-move {
  transition: transform 1s;
}
<template>
  <div>
    <b-table
      id="table-transition-example"
      :items="items"
      :fields="fields"
      striped
      small
      primary-key="a"
      :tbody-transition-props="transProps"
    ></b-table>
  </div>
</template>

<script>
  export default {
    data() {
      return {
        transProps: {
          // Transition name
          name: 'flip-list'
        },
        items: [
          { a: 2, b: 'Two', c: 'Moose' },
          { a: 1, b: 'Three', c: 'Dog' },
          { a: 3, b: 'Four', c: 'Cat' },
          { a: 4, b: 'One', c: 'Mouse' }
        ],
        fields: [
          { key: 'a', sortable: true },
          { key: 'b', sortable: true },
          { key: 'c', sortable: true }
        ]
      }
    }
  }
</script>

<!-- b-table-transitions.vue -->

v-model binding

If you bind a variable to the v-model prop, the contents of this variable will be the currently displayed item records (zero based index, up to page-size - 1). This variable (the value prop) should usually be treated as readonly.

The records within the v-model are a filtered/paginated shallow copy of items, and hence any changes to a record's properties in the v-model will be reflected in the original items array (except when items is set to a provider function). Deleting a record from the v-model array will not remove the record from the original items array nor will it remove it from the displayed rows.

Note: Do not bind any value directly to the value prop. Use the v-model binding.

Sorting

As mentioned in the Fields section above, you can make columns sortable in <b-table>. Clicking on a sortable column header will sort the column in ascending direction (smallest first), while clicking on it again will switch the direction of sorting to descending (largest first). Clicking on a non-sortable column will clear the sorting (the prop no-sort-reset can be used to disable this feature).

You can control which column is pre-sorted and the order of sorting (ascending or descending). To pre-specify the column to be sorted, set the sort-by prop to the field's key. Set the sort direction by setting sort-desc to either true (for descending) or false (for ascending, the default).

  • Ascending: Items are sorted lowest to highest (i.e. A to Z) and will be displayed with the lowest value in the first row with progressively higher values in the following rows.
  • Descending: Items are sorted highest to lowest (i.e. Z to A) and will be displayed with the highest value in the first row with progressively lower values in the following rows.

The props sort-by and sort-desc can be turned into two-way (syncable) props by adding the .sync modifier. Your bound variables will then be updated accordingly based on the current sort criteria. See the Vue docs for details on the .sync prop modifier.

Setting sort-by to a column that is not defined in the fields as sortable will result in the table not being sorted.

When the prop foot-clone is set, the footer headings will also allow sorting by clicking, even if you have custom formatted footer field headers. To disable the sort icons and sorting via heading clicks in the footer, set the no-footer-sorting prop to true.

<template>
  <div>
    <b-table
      :items="items"
      :fields="fields"
      :sort-by.sync="sortBy"
      :sort-desc.sync="sortDesc"
      responsive="sm"
    ></b-table>

    <div>
      Sorting By: <b>{{ sortBy }}</b>, Sort Direction:
      <b>{{ sortDesc ? 'Descending' : 'Ascending' }}</b>
    </div>
  </div>
</template>

<script>
  export default {
    data() {
      return {
        sortBy: 'age',
        sortDesc: false,
        fields: [
          { key: 'last_name', sortable: true },
          { key: 'first_name', sortable: true },
          { key: 'age', sortable: true },
          { key: 'isActive', sortable: false }
        ],
        items: [
          { isActive: true, age: 40, first_name: 'Dickerson', last_name: 'Macdonald' },
          { isActive: false, age: 21, first_name: 'Larsen', last_name: 'Shaw' },
          { isActive: false, age: 89, first_name: 'Geneva', last_name: 'Wilson' },
          { isActive: true, age: 38, first_name: 'Jami', last_name: 'Carney' }
        ]
      }
    }
  }
</script>

<!-- b-table-sorting.vue -->

Sort icon alignment

By default the sorting icons appear right aligned in the header cell. You can change the icons to be left aligned by setting the prop sort-icon-left on <b-table>.

<template>
  <div>
    <b-table
      :items="items"
      :fields="fields"
      :sort-by.sync="sortBy"
      :sort-desc.sync="sortDesc"
      sort-icon-left
      responsive="sm"
    ></b-table>

    <div>
      Sorting By: <b>{{ sortBy }}</b>, Sort Direction:
      <b>{{ sortDesc ? 'Descending' : 'Ascending' }}</b>
    </div>
  </div>
</template>

<script>
  export default {
    data() {
      return {
        sortBy: 'age',
        sortDesc: false,
        fields: [
          { key: 'last_name', sortable: true },
          { key: 'first_name', sortable: true },
          { key: 'age', sortable: true },
          { key: 'isActive', sortable: false }
        ],
        items: [
          { isActive: true, age: 40, first_name: 'Dickerson', last_name: 'Macdonald' },
          { isActive: false, age: 21, first_name: 'Larsen', last_name: 'Shaw' },
          { isActive: false, age: 89, first_name: 'Geneva', last_name: 'Wilson' },
          { isActive: true, age: 38, first_name: 'Jami', last_name: 'Carney' }
        ]
      }
    }
  }
</script>

<!-- b-table-sorting-left.vue -->

Customizing the sort icons

The sorting icons are generated via the use of SVG background images. The icons can be altered by updating BootstrapVue's SASS/SCSS variables and recompiling the SCSS source code. Refer to the theming section for details on customizing Bootstrap and BootstrapVue's generated CSS.

Sort-compare routine

The internal built-in default sort-compare function sorts the specified field key based on the data in the underlying record object (or by formatted value if a field has a formatter function, and the field has its sortByFormatted property is set to true). The field value is first stringified if it is an object and then sorted.

Notes:

  • The built-in sort-compare routine cannot sort based on the custom rendering of the field data: scoped slots are used only for presentation only, and do not affect the underlying data.
  • Fields that have a formatter function (virtual field or regular field) can be sorted by the value returned via the formatter function if the field property sortByFormatted is set to true. Optionally you can pass a formatter function reference to sortByFormatted to format the value before sorting. The default is false which will sort by the original field value. This is only applicable for the built-in sort-compare routine.
  • By default, the internal sorting routine will sort null, undefined, or empty string values first (less than any other values). To sort so that null, undefined or empty string values appear last (greater than any other value), set the sort-null-last prop to true.

For customizing the sort-compare handling, refer to the Custom sort-compare routine section below.

Internal sorting and locale handling

The internal sort-compare routine uses String.prototype.localeCompare() for comparing the stringified column value (if values being compared are not both Number or both Date types). The browser native localeCompare() method accepts a locale string (or array of locale strings) and an options object for controlling how strings are sorted. The default options are { numeric: true }, and the locale is undefined (which uses the browser default locale).

You can change the locale (or locales) via the sort-compare-locale prop to set the locale(s) for sorting, as well as pass sort options via the sort-compare-options prop.

The sort-compare-locale prop defaults to undefined, which uses the browser (or Node.js runtime) default locale. The prop sort-compare-locale can either accept a BCP 47 language tag string or an array of such tags. For more details on locales, please see Locale identification and negotiation on MDN.

The sort-compare-options prop accepts an object containing any of the following properties:

  • localeMatcher: The locale matching algorithm to use. Possible values are 'lookup' and 'best fit'. The default is 'best fit'. For information about this option, see the MDN Intl page for details.
  • sensitivity: Which differences in the strings should lead to non-zero compare result values. Possible values are:
    • 'base': Only strings that differ in base letters compare as unequal. Examples: a ≠ b, a = á, a = A.
    • 'accent': Only strings that differ in base letters or accents and other diacritic marks compare as unequal. Examples: a ≠ b, a ≠ á, a = A.
    • 'case': Only strings that differ in base letters or case compare as unequal. Examples: a ≠ b, a = á, a ≠ A.
    • 'variant': (default) Strings that differ in base letters, accents and other diacritic marks, or case compare as unequal. Other differences may also be taken into consideration. Examples: a ≠ b, a ≠ á, a ≠ A.
  • ignorePunctuation: Whether punctuation should be ignored. Possible values are true and false. The default is false.
  • numeric: Whether numeric collation should be used, such that '1' < '2' < '10'. Possible values are true and false. The default is false. Note that implementations (browsers, runtimes) are not required to support this property, and therefore it might be ignored.
  • caseFirst: Whether upper case or lower case should sort first. Possible values are 'upper', 'lower', or 'false' (use the locale's default). The default is 'false'. Implementations are not required to support this property.
  • 'usage': Always set to 'sort' by <b-table>

Example 1: If you want to sort German words, set sort-compare-locale="de" (in German, ä sorts before z) or Swedish set sort-compare-locale="sv" (in Swedish, ä sorts after z)

Example 2: To compare numbers that are strings numerically, and to ignore case and accents:

<b-table :sort-compare-options="{ numeric: true, sensitivity: 'base' }" ...>

Notes:

Custom sort-compare routine

You can provide your own custom sort compare routine by passing a function reference to the prop sort-compare. The sort-compare routine is passed seven (7) arguments, of which the last 4 are optional:

  • the first two arguments (a and b) are the record objects for the rows being compared
  • the third argument is the field key being sorted on (sortBy)
  • the fourth argument (sortDesc) is the order <b-table> will be displaying the records (true for descending, false for ascending)
  • the fifth argument is a reference to the field's formatter function or the field's filterByFormatted value if it is a function reference. If not formatter is found this value will be undefined. You will need to call this method to get the formatted field value: valA = formatter(a[key], key, a) and valB = formatter(b[key], key, b), if you need to sort by the formatted value. This will be undefined if the field's sortByFormatted property is not true or is not a formatter function reference, or the fields formatter function cannot be found.
  • the sixth argument is the value of the sort-compare-options prop (default is { numeric: true })
  • the seventh argument is the value of the sort-compare-locale prop (default is undefined)

The sixth and seventh arguments can be used if you are using the String.prototype.localeCompare() method to compare strings.

In most typical situations, you only need to use the first three arguments. The fourth argument - sorting direction - should not normally be used, as b-table will handle the direction, and this value is typically only needed when special handling of how null and/or undefined values are sorted (i.e. sorting null/undefined first or last).

The routine should return either -1 (or a negative value) for a[key] < b[key] , 0 for a[key] === b[key], or 1 (or a positive value) for a[key] > b[key].

Your custom sort-compare routine can also return null or false, to fall back to the built-in sort-compare routine for the particular key. You can use this feature (i.e. by returning null) to have your custom sort-compare routine handle only certain fields (keys) such as the special case of virtual (scoped slot) columns, and have the internal (built in) sort-compare handle all other fields.

The default sort-compare routine works similar to the following. Note the fourth argument (sorting direction) is not used in the sort comparison:

function sortCompare(aRow, bRow, key, sortDesc, formatter, compareOptions, compareLocale) {
  const a = aRow[key] // or use Lodash `_.get()`
  const b = bRow[key]
  if (
    (typeof a === 'number' && typeof b === 'number') ||
    (a instanceof Date && b instanceof Date)
  ) {
    // If both compared fields are native numbers or both are native dates
    return a < b ? -1 : a > b ? 1 : 0
  } else {
    // Otherwise stringify the field data and use String.prototype.localeCompare
    return toString(a).localeCompare(toString(b), compareLocale, compareOptions)
  }
}

// Helper function to stringify the values of an Object
function toString(value) {
  if (value === null || typeof value === 'undefined') {
    return ''
  } else if (value instanceof Object) {
    return Object.keys(value)
      .sort()
      .map(key => toString(value[key]))
      .join(' ')
  } else {
    return String(value)
  }
}

Disable local sorting

If you want to handle sorting entirely in your app, you can disable the local sorting in <b-table> by setting the prop no-local-sorting to true, while still maintaining the sortable header functionality (via sort-changed or context-changed events as well as syncable props).

You can use the syncable props sort-by.sync and sort-desc.sync to detect changes in sorting column and direction.

Also, When a sortable column header (or footer) is clicked, the event sort-changed will be emitted with a single argument containing the context object of <b-table>. See the Detection of sorting change section below for details about the sort-changed event and the context object.

When no-local-sorting is true, the sort-compare prop has no effect.

Change initial sort direction

Control the order in which ascending and descending sorting is applied when a sortable column header is clicked, by using the sort-direction prop. The default value 'asc' applies ascending sort first (when a column is not currently sorted). To reverse the behavior and sort in descending direction first, set it to 'desc'.

If you don't want the current sorting direction to change when clicking another sortable column header, set sort-direction to 'last'. This will maintain the sorting direction of the previously sorted column.

For individual column initial sort direction (which applies when the column transitions from unsorted to sorted), specify the property sortDirection in fields. See the Complete Example below for an example of using this feature.

Filtering

Filtering, when used, is applied by default to the original items array data. b-table provides several options for how data is filtered.

It is currently not possible to filter based on result of formatting via scoped field slots.

Built in filtering

The item's row data values are stringified (see the sorting section above for how stringification is done) and the filter searches that stringified data (excluding any of the special properties that begin with an underscore '_'). The stringification also, by default, includes any data not shown in the presented columns.

With the default built-in filter function, The filter prop value can either be a string or a RegExp object (regular expressions should not have the /g global flag set).

If the stringified row contains the provided string value or matches the RegExp expression then it is included in the displayed results.

Set the filter prop to null or an empty string to clear the current filter.

Built in filtering options

There are several options for controlling what data the filter is applied against.

  • The filter-ignored-fields prop accepts an array of top-level (immediate properties of the row data) field keys that should be ignored when filtering.
  • The filter-included-fields prop accepts an array of top-level (immediate properties of the row data) field keys that should used when filtering. All other field keys not included in this array will be ignored. This feature can be handy when you want to filter on specific columns. If the specified array is empty, then all fields are included, except those specified via the prop filter-ignored-fields. If a field key is specified in both filter-ignored-fields and filter-included-fields, then filter-included-fields takes precedence.
  • Normally, <b-table> filters based on the stringified record data. If the field has a formatter function specified, you can optionally filter based on the result of the formatter by setting the field definition property filterByFormatted to true. If the field does not have a formatter function, this option is ignored. You can optionally pass a formatter function reference, to be used for filtering only, to the field definition property filterByFormatted.

The props filter-ignored-fields and filter-included-fields, and the field definition property filterByFormatted have no effect when using a custom filter function, or items provider based filtering.

Custom filter function

You can also use a custom filter function, by setting the prop filter-function to a reference of custom filter test function. The filter function will be passed two arguments:

  • the original item row record data object. Treat this argument as read-only.
  • the content of the filter prop (could be a string, RegExp, array, or object)

The function should return true if the record matches your criteria or false if the record is to be filtered out.

For proper reactive updates to the displayed data, when not filtering you should set the filter prop to null or an empty string (and not an empty object or array). The filter function will not be called when the filter prop is a falsey value.

The display of the empty-filter-text relies on the truthiness of the filter prop.

Filter events

When local filtering is applied, and the resultant number of items change, <b-table> will emit the filtered event with a two arguments:

  • an array reference which is the complete list of items passing the filter routine. Treat this argument as read-only.
  • the number of records that passed the filter test (the length of the first argument)

Setting the prop filter to null or an empty string will clear local items filtering.

Debouncing filter criteria changes

deprecated in v2.1.0 Use the debounce feature of <b-form-input> instead.

If you have a text input tied to the filter prop of <b-table>, the filtering process will occur for each character typed by the user. With large items datasets, this process can take a while and may cause the text input to appear sluggish.

To help alleviate this type of situation, <b-table> accepts a debounce timout value (in milliseconds) via the filter-debounce prop. The default is 0 (milliseconds). When a value greater than 0 is provided, the filter will wait for that time before updating the table results. If the value of the filter prop changes before this timeout expires, the filtering will be once again delayed until the debounce timeout expires.

When used, the suggested value of filter-debounce should be in the range of 100 to 200 milliseconds, but other values may be more suitable for your use case.

The use of this prop can be beneficial when using provider filtering with items provider functions, to help reduce the number of calls to your back end API.

Filtering notes

See the Complete Example below for an example of using the filter feature.

Pagination

<b-table> supports built in pagination of item data. You can control how many rows are displayed at a time by setting the per-page prop to the maximum number of rows you would like displayed, and use the current-page prop to specify which page to display (starting from page 1). If you set current-page to a value larger than the computed number of pages, then no rows will be shown.

You can use the <b-pagination> component in conjunction with <b-table> for providing control over pagination.

Setting per-page to 0 (default) will disable the local items pagination feature.

Using items provider functions

As mentioned under the Items prop section, it is possible to use a function to provide the row data (items), by specifying a function reference via the items prop.

The provider function is called with the following signature:

provider(ctx, [callback])

The ctx is the context object associated with the table state, and contains the following five properties:

Property Type Description
currentPage Number The current page number (starting from 1, the value of the current-page prop)
perPage Number The maximum number of rows per page to display (the value of the per-page prop)
filter String or RegExp or Object the value of the filter prop
sortBy String The current column key being sorted, or an empty string if not sorting
sortDesc Boolean The current sort direction (true for descending, false for ascending)
apiUrl String the value provided to the api-url prop. null if none provided.

The second argument callback is an optional parameter for when using the callback asynchronous method.

Example: returning an array of data (synchronous):

function myProvider(ctx) {
  let items = []

  // Perform any items processing needed

  // Must return an array
  return items || []
}

Example: Using callback to return data (asynchronous):

function myProvider(ctx, callback) {
  const params = '?page=' + ctx.currentPage + '&size=' + ctx.perPage

  this.fetchData('/some/url' + params)
    .then(data => {
      // Pluck the array of items off our axios response
      const items = data.items
      // Provide the array of items to the callback
      callback(items)
    })
    .catch(() => {
      callback([])
    })

  // Must return null or undefined to signal b-table that callback is being used
  return null
}

Example: Using a Promise to return data (asynchronous):

function myProvider(ctx) {
  const promise = axios.get('/some/url?page=' + ctx.currentPage + '&size=' + ctx.perPage)

  // Must return a promise that resolves to an array of items
  return promise.then(data => {
    // Pluck the array of items off our axios response
    const items = data.items
    // Must return an array of items or an empty array if an error occurred
    return items || []
  })
}

Automated table busy state

<b-table> automatically tracks/controls it's busy state when items provider functions are used, however it also provides a busy prop that can be used either to override the inner busy state, or to monitor <b-pagination>'s current busy state in your application using the 2-way .sync modifier.

Note: in order to allow <b-table> fully track it's busy state, the custom items provider function should handle errors from data sources and return an empty array to <b-table>.

Example: usage of busy state

<template>
  <div>
    <b-table
      id="my-table"
      :busy.sync="isBusy"
      :items="myProvider"
      :fields="fields"
      ...
    ></b-table>
  </div>
</template>

<script>
  export default {
    data () {
      return {
        isBusy: false
      }
    }
    methods: {
      myProvider (ctx) {
        // Here we don't set isBusy prop, so busy state will be
        // handled by table itself
        // this.isBusy = true
        let promise = axios.get('/some/url')

        return promise.then((data) => {
          const items = data.items
          // Here we could override the busy state, setting isBusy to false
          // this.isBusy = false
          return(items)
        }).catch(error => {
          // Here we could override the busy state, setting isBusy to false
          // this.isBusy = false
          // Returning an empty array, allows table to correctly handle
          // internal busy state in case of error
          return []
        })
      }
    }
  }
</script>

Notes:

  • If you manually place the table in the busy state, the items provider will not be called/refreshed until the busy state has been set to false.
  • All click related and hover events, and sort-changed events will not be emitted when in the busy state (either set automatically during provider update, or when manually set).

Provider paging, filtering, and sorting

By default, the items provider function is responsible for all paging, filtering, and sorting of the data, before passing it to b-table for display.

You can disable provider paging, filtering, and sorting (individually) by setting the following b-table prop(s) to true:

Prop Type Default Description
no-provider-paging Boolean false When true enables the use of b-table local data pagination
no-provider-sorting Boolean false When true enables the use of b-table local sorting
no-provider-filtering Boolean false When true enables the use of b-table local filtering

When no-provider-paging is false (default), you should only return at maximum, perPage number of records.

Notes:

  • <b-table> needs reference to your pagination and filtering values in order to trigger the calling of the provider function. So be sure to bind to the per-page, current-page and filter props on b-table to trigger the provider update function call (unless you have the respective no-provider-* prop set to true).
  • The no-local-sorting prop has no effect when items is a provider function.
  • When using provider filtering, you may find that setting the debounce prop on <b-form-input> to a value greater than 100 ms will help minimize the number of calls to your back end API as the user types in the criteria.

Force refreshing of table data

You may also trigger the refresh of the provider function by emitting the event refresh::table on $root with the single argument being the id of your b-table. You must have a unique ID on your table for this to work.

this.$root.$emit('bv::refresh::table', 'my-table')

Or by calling the refresh() method on the table reference

<div>
  <b-table ref="table" ... ></b-table>
</div>
this.$refs.table.refresh()

Note: If the table is in the busy state (i.e. a provider update is currently running), the refresh will wait until the current update is completed. If there is currently a refresh pending and a new refresh is requested, then only one refresh will occur.

Detection of sorting change

By listening on <b-table> sort-changed event, you can detect when the sorting key and direction have changed.

<div>
  <b-table @sort-changed="sortingChanged" ... ></b-table>
</div>

The sort-changed event provides a single argument of the table's current state context object. This context object has the same format as used by items provider functions.

export default {
  methods: {
    sortingChanged(ctx) {
      // ctx.sortBy   ==> Field key for sorting by (or null for no sorting)
      // ctx.sortDesc ==> true if sorting descending, false otherwise
    }
  }
}

You can also obtain the current sortBy and sortDesc values by using the :sort-by.sync and :sort-desc.sync two-way props respectively (see section Sorting above for details).

<div>
  <b-table :sort-by.sync="mySortBy" :sort-desc.sync="mySortDesc" ... ></b-table>
</div>

Server side rendering

Special care must be taken when using server side rendering (SSR) and an items provider function. Make sure you handle any special situations that may be needed server side when fetching your data!

When <b-table> is mounted in the document, it will automatically trigger a provider update call.

Light-weight tables

<b-table-lite> provides a great alternative to <b-table> if you just need simple display of tabular data. The <b-table-lite> component provides all of the styling and formatting features of <b-table> (including row details and stacked support), while excluding the following features:

  • Filtering
  • Sorting
  • Pagination
  • Items provider support
  • Selectable rows
  • Busy table state and styling
  • Fixed top and bottom rows
  • Empty row support

Table lite as a plugin

The TablePlugin includes <b-table-lite>. For convenience, BootstrapVue also provides a TableLitePlugin which installs only <b-table-lite>. TableLitePlugin is available as a top level named export.

Simple tables

The <b-table-simple> component gives the user complete control over the rendering of the table content, while providing basic Bootstrap v4 table styling. <b-table-simple> is a wrapper component around the <table> element. Inside the component, via the default slot, you can use any or all of the BootstrapVue table helper components: <b-thead>, <b-tfoot>, <b-tbody>, <b-tr>, <b-th>, <b-td>, and the HTML5 elements <caption>, <colgroup> and <col>. Contrary to the component's name, one can create simple or complex table layouts with <b-table-simple>.

<b-table-simple> provides basic styling options via props: striped, bordered, borderless, outlined, small, hover, dark, fixed, responsive and sticky-header. Note that stacked mode is available but requires some additional markup to generate the cell headings, as described in the Simple tables and stacked mode section below. Sticky columns are also supported, but also require a bit of additional markup to specify which columns are to be sticky. See below for more information on using sticky columns.

Since b-table-simple is just a wrapper component, of which you will need to render content inside, it does not provide any of the advanced features of <b-table> (i.e. row events, head events, sorting, pagination, filtering, foot-clone, items, fields, etc).

<div>
  <b-table-simple hover small caption-top responsive>
    <caption>Items sold in August, grouped by Country and City:</caption>
    <colgroup><col><col></colgroup>
    <colgroup><col><col><col></colgroup>
    <colgroup><col><col></colgroup>
    <b-thead head-variant="dark">
      <b-tr>
        <b-th colspan="2">Region</b-th>
        <b-th colspan="3">Clothes</b-th>
        <b-th colspan="2">Accessories</b-th>
      </b-tr>
      <b-tr>
        <b-th>Country</b-th>
        <b-th>City</b-th>
        <b-th>Trousers</b-th>
        <b-th>Skirts</b-th>
        <b-th>Dresses</b-th>
        <b-th>Bracelets</b-th>
        <b-th>Rings</b-th>
      </b-tr>
    </b-thead>
    <b-tbody>
      <b-tr>
        <b-th rowspan="3">Belgium</b-th>
        <b-th class="text-right">Antwerp</b-th>
        <b-td>56</b-td>
        <b-td>22</b-td>
        <b-td>43</b-td>
        <b-td variant="success">72</b-td>
        <b-td>23</b-td>
      </b-tr>
      <b-tr>
        <b-th class="text-right">Gent</b-th>
        <b-td>46</b-td>
        <b-td variant="warning">18</b-td>
        <b-td>50</b-td>
        <b-td>61</b-td>
        <b-td variant="danger">15</b-td>
      </b-tr>
      <b-tr>
        <b-th class="text-right">Brussels</b-th>
        <b-td>51</b-td>
        <b-td>27</b-td>
        <b-td>38</b-td>
        <b-td>69</b-td>
        <b-td>28</b-td>
      </b-tr>
      <b-tr>
        <b-th rowspan="2">The Netherlands</b-th>
        <b-th class="text-right">Amsterdam</b-th>
        <b-td variant="success">89</b-td>
        <b-td>34</b-td>
        <b-td>69</b-td>
        <b-td>85</b-td>
        <b-td>38</b-td>
      </b-tr>
      <b-tr>
        <b-th class="text-right">Utrecht</b-th>
        <b-td>80</b-td>
        <b-td variant="danger">12</b-td>
        <b-td>43</b-td>
        <b-td>36</b-td>
        <b-td variant="warning">19</b-td>
      </b-tr>
    </b-tbody>
    <b-tfoot>
      <b-tr>
        <b-td colspan="7" variant="secondary" class="text-right">
          Total Rows: <b>5</b>
        </b-td>
      </b-tr>
    </b-tfoot>
  </b-table-simple>
</div>

<!-- b-table-simple.vue -->

When in responsive or sticky-header mode, the <table> element is wrapped inside a <div> element. If you need to apply additional classes to the <table> element, use the table-classes prop.

Any additional attributes given to <b-table-simple> will always be applied to the <table> element.

Simple tables and stacked mode

A bit of additional markup is required on your <b-table-simple> body cells when the table is in stacked mode. Specifically, BootstrapVue uses a special data attribute to create the cell's heading, of which you can supply to <b-td> or <b-th> via the stacked-heading prop. Only plain strings are supported (not HTML markup), as we use the pseudo element ::before and css content property.

Here is the same table as above, set to be always stacked, which has the extra markup to handle stacked mode (specifically for generating the cell headings):

<div>
  <b-table-simple hover small caption-top stacked>
    <caption>Items sold in August, grouped by Country and City:</caption>
    <colgroup><col><col></colgroup>
    <colgroup><col><col><col></colgroup>
    <colgroup><col><col></colgroup>
    <b-thead head-variant="dark">
      <b-tr>
        <b-th colspan="2">Region</b-th>
        <b-th colspan="3">Clothes</b-th>
        <b-th colspan="2">Accessories</b-th>
      </b-tr>
      <b-tr>
        <b-th>Country</b-th>
        <b-th>City</b-th>
        <b-th>Trousers</b-th>
        <b-th>Skirts</b-th>
        <b-th>Dresses</b-th>
        <b-th>Bracelets</b-th>
        <b-th>Rings</b-th>
      </b-tr>
    </b-thead>
    <b-tbody>
      <b-tr>
        <b-th rowspan="3" class="text-center">Belgium (3 Cities)</b-th>
        <b-th stacked-heading="City" class="text-left">Antwerp</b-th>
        <b-td stacked-heading="Clothes: Trousers">56</b-td>
        <b-td stacked-heading="Clothes: Skirts">22</b-td>
        <b-td stacked-heading="Clothes: Dresses">43</b-td>
        <b-td stacked-heading="Accessories: Bracelets" variant="success">72</b-td>
        <b-td stacked-heading="Accessories: Rings">23</b-td>
      </b-tr>
      <b-tr>
        <b-th stacked-heading="City">Gent</b-th>
        <b-td stacked-heading="Clothes: Trousers">46</b-td>
        <b-td stacked-heading="Clothes: Skirts" variant="warning">18</b-td>
        <b-td stacked-heading="Clothes: Dresses">50</b-td>
        <b-td stacked-heading="Accessories: Bracelets">61</b-td>
        <b-td stacked-heading="Accessories: Rings" variant="danger">15</b-td>
      </b-tr>
      <b-tr>
        <b-th stacked-heading="City">Brussels</b-th>
        <b-td stacked-heading="Clothes: Trousers">51</b-td>
        <b-td stacked-heading="Clothes: Skirts">27</b-td>
        <b-td stacked-heading="Clothes: Dresses">38</b-td>
        <b-td stacked-heading="Accessories: Bracelets">69</b-td>
        <b-td stacked-heading="Accessories: Rings">28</b-td>
      </b-tr>
      <b-tr>
        <b-th rowspan="2" class="text-center">The Netherlands (2 Cities)</b-th>
        <b-th stacked-heading="City">Amsterdam</b-th>
        <b-td stacked-heading="Clothes: Trousers" variant="success">89</b-td>
        <b-td stacked-heading="Clothes: Skirts">34</b-td>
        <b-td stacked-heading="Clothes: Dresses">69</b-td>
        <b-td stacked-heading="Accessories: Bracelets">85</b-td>
        <b-td stacked-heading="Accessories: Rings">38</b-td>
      </b-tr>
      <b-tr>
        <b-th stacked-heading="City">Utrecht</b-th>
        <b-td stacked-heading="Clothes: Trousers">80</b-td>
        <b-td stacked-heading="Clothes: Skirts" variant="danger">12</b-td>
        <b-td stacked-heading="Clothes: Dresses">43</b-td>
        <b-td stacked-heading="Accessories: Bracelets">36</b-td>
        <b-td stacked-heading="Accessories: Rings" variant="warning">19</b-td>
      </b-tr>
    </b-tbody>
    <b-tfoot>
      <b-tr>
        <b-td colspan="7" variant="secondary" class="text-right">
          Total Rows: <b>5</b>
        </b-td>
      </b-tr>
    </b-tfoot>
  </b-table-simple>
</div>

<!-- b-table-simple-stacked.vue -->

Like <b-table> and <b-table-lite>, table headers (<thead>) and footers (<tfoot>) are visually hidden when the table is visually stacked. If you need a header or footer, you can do so by creating an extra <b-tr> inside of the <b-tbody> component (or in a second <b-tbody> component), and set a role of columnheader on the child <b-th> cells, and use Bootstrap v4 responsive display utility classes to hide the extra row (or <b-tbody>) above a certain breakpoint when the table is no longer visually stacked (the breakpoint should match the stacked table breakpoint you have set), i.e. <b-tr class="d-md-none"> would hide the row on medium and wider screens, while <b-tbody class="d-md-none"> would hide the row group on medium and wider screens.

Note: stacked mode with <b-table-simple> requires that you use the BootstrapVue table helper components. Use of the regular <tbody>, <tr>, <td> and <th> element tags will not work as expected, nor will they automatically apply any of the required accessibility attributes.

Simple tables and sticky columns

Sticky columns are supported with <b-table-simple>, but you will need to set the sticky-column prop on each table cell (in the thead, tbody, and tfoot row groups) in the column that is to be sticky. For example:

<b-table-simple responsive>
  <b-thead>
    <b-tr>
      <b-th sticky-column>Sticky Column Header</b-th>
      <b-th>Heading 1</b-th>
      <b-th>Heading 2</b-th>
      <b-th>Heading 3</b-th>
      <b-th>Heading 4</b-th>
    </b-tr>
  </b-thead>
  <b-tbody>
    <b-tr>
      <b-th sticky-column>Sticky Column Row Header</b-th>
      <b-td>Cell</b-td>
      <b-td>Cell</b-td>
      <b-td>Cell</b-td>
      <b-td>Cell</b-td>
    </b-tr>
    <b-tr>
      <b-th sticky-column>Sticky Column Row Header</b-th>
      <b-td>Cell</b-td>
      <b-td>Cell</b-td>
      <b-td>Cell</b-td>
      <b-td>Cell</b-td>
    </b-tr>
  </b-tbody>
  <b-tfoot>
    <b-tr>
      <b-th sticky-column>Sticky Column Footer</b-th>
      <b-th>Heading 1</b-th>
      <b-th>Heading 2</b-th>
      <b-th>Heading 3</b-th>
      <b-th>Heading 4</b-th>
    </b-tr>
  </b-tfoot>
</b-table-responsive>

As with <b-table> and <b-table-lite>, sticky columns are not supported when the stacked prop is set on <b-table-simple>.

Table simple as a plugin

The TablePlugin includes <b-table-simple> and all of the helper components. For convenience, BootstrapVue also provides a TableSimplePlugin which installs <b-table-simple> and all of the helper components. TableSimplePlugin is available as a top level named export.

Table helper components

BootstrapVue provides additional helper child components when using <b-table-simple>, or the named slots top-row, bottom-row, thead-top, and custom-foot (all of which accept table child elements). The helper components are as follows:

  • b-tbody (<b-table-simple> only)
  • b-thead (<b-table-simple> only)
  • b-tfoot (<b-table-simple> only)
  • b-tr
  • b-td
  • b-th

These components are optimized to handle converting variants to the appropriate classes (such as handling table dark mode), and automatically applying certain accessibility attributes (i.e. roles and scopes). They also can generate the stacked table, and sticky header and column, markup. Components <b-table> and <b-table-lite> use these helper components internally.

In the Simple tables example, we are using the helper components <b-thead>, <b-tbody>, <b-tr>, <b-th>, <b-tr> and <b-tfoot>. While you can use regular table child elements (i.e. <tbody>, <tr>, <td>, etc) within <b-table-simple>, and the named slots top-row, bottom-row, and thead-top, it is recommended to use these BootstrapVue table <b-t*> helper components. Note that there are no helper components for <caption>, <colgroup> or <col>, so you may these three HTML5 elements directly in <b-table-simple>.

  • Table helper components <b-tr>, <b-td> and <b-th> all accept a variant prop, which will apply one of the Bootstrap theme colors (custom theme colors are supported via theming.) and will automatically adjust to use the correct variant class based on the table's dark mode.
  • The helper components <b-thead>, <b-tfoot> accept a head-variant and foot-variant prop respectively. Supported values are 'dark', 'light' or null (null uses the default table background). These variants also control the text color (light text for 'dark' variant, and dark text for the 'light' variant).
  • Accessibility attributes role and scope are automatically set on <b-th> and <b-td> components based on their location (thead, tbody, or tfoot) and their rowspan or colspan props. You can override the automatic scope and role values by setting the appropriate attribute on the helper component.
  • For <b-tbody>, <b-thead>, and <b-tfoot> helper components, the appropriate default role of 'rowgroup' will be applied, unless you override the role by supplying a role attribute.
  • For the <b-tr> helper component, the appropriate default role of 'row' will be applied, unless you override the role by supplying a role attribute. <b-tr> does not add a scope.
  • The <b-tbody> element supports rendering a Vue <transition-group> when either, or both, of the tbody-transition-props and tbody-transition-handlers props are used. See the Table body transition support section for more details.

Accessibility

The <b-table> and <b-table-lite> components, when using specific features, will attempt to provide the best accessibility markup possible.

When using <b-table-simple> with the helper table components, elements will have the appropriate roles applied by default, of which you can optionally override. When using click handlers on the <b-table-simple> helper components, you will need to apply appropriate aria-* attributes, and set tabindex="0" to make the click actions accessible to screen reader and keyboard-only users. You should also listen for @keydown.enter.prevent to handle users pressing ENTER to trigger your click on cells or rows (required for accessibility for keyboard-only users).

Heading accessibility

When a column (field) is sortable (<b-table> only) or there is a head-clicked listener registered (<b-table> and <b-table-lite>), the header (and footer) <th> cells will be placed into the document tab sequence (via tabindex="0") for accessibility by keyboard-only and screen reader users, so that the user may trigger a click (by pressing ENTER on the header cells.

Data row accessibility

When the table is in selectable mode (<b-table> only, and prop no-select-on-click is not set), or if there is a row-clicked event listener registered (<b-table> and <b-table-lite>), all data item rows (<tr> elements) will be placed into the document tab sequence (via tabindex="0") to allow keyboard-only and screen reader users the ability to click the rows by pressing ENTER or SPACE.

When the table items rows are placed in the document tab sequence (<b-table> and <b-table-lite>), they will also support basic keyboard navigation when focused:

  • DOWN will move to the next row
  • UP will move to the previous row
  • END or DOWN+SHIFT will move to the last row
  • HOME or UP+SHIFT will move to the first row
  • ENTER or SPACE to click the row.

Row event accessibility

Note the following row based events/actions (available with <b-table> and <b-table-lite>) are not considered accessible, and should only be used if the functionality is non critical or can be provided via other means:

  • row-dblclicked
  • row-contextmenu
  • row-hovered
  • row-unhovered
  • row-middle-clicked

Note that the row-middle-clicked event is not supported in all browsers (i.e. IE, Safari and most mobile browsers). When listening for row-middle-clicked events originating on elements that do not support input or navigation, you will often want to explicitly prevent other default actions mapped to the down action of the middle mouse button. On Windows this is usually autoscroll, and on macOS and Linux this is usually clipboard paste. This can be done by preventing the default behaviour of the mousedown or pointerdown event.

Additionally, you may need to avoid opening a default system or browser context menu after a right click. Due to timing differences between operating systems, this too is not a preventable default behaviour of row-middle-clicked. Instead, this can be done by preventing the default behaviour of the row-contextmenu event.

It is recommended you test your app in as many browser and device variants as possible to ensure your app handles the various inconsistencies with events.

Complete example

<template>
  <b-container fluid>
    <!-- User Interface controls -->
    <b-row>
      <b-col lg="6" class="my-1">
        <b-form-group
          label="Sort"
          label-cols-sm="3"
          label-align-sm="right"
          label-size="sm"
          label-for="sortBySelect"
          class="mb-0"
        >
          <b-input-group size="sm">
            <b-form-select v-model="sortBy" id="sortBySelect" :options="sortOptions" class="w-75">
              <template v-slot:first>
                <option value="">-- none --</option>
              </template>
            </b-form-select>
            <b-form-select v-model="sortDesc" size="sm" :disabled="!sortBy" class="w-25">
              <option :value="false">Asc</option>
              <option :value="true">Desc</option>
            </b-form-select>
          </b-input-group>
        </b-form-group>
      </b-col>

      <b-col lg="6" class="my-1">
        <b-form-group
          label="Initial sort"
          label-cols-sm="3"
          label-align-sm="right"
          label-size="sm"
          label-for="initialSortSelect"
          class="mb-0"
        >
          <b-form-select
            v-model="sortDirection"
            id="initialSortSelect"
            size="sm"
            :options="['asc', 'desc', 'last']"
          ></b-form-select>
        </b-form-group>
      </b-col>

      <b-col lg="6" class="my-1">
        <b-form-group
          label="Filter"
          label-cols-sm="3"
          label-align-sm="right"
          label-size="sm"
          label-for="filterInput"
          class="mb-0"
        >
          <b-input-group size="sm">
            <b-form-input
              v-model="filter"
              type="search"
              id="filterInput"
              placeholder="Type to Search"
            ></b-form-input>
            <b-input-group-append>
              <b-button :disabled="!filter" @click="filter = ''">Clear</b-button>
            </b-input-group-append>
          </b-input-group>
        </b-form-group>
      </b-col>

      <b-col lg="6" class="my-1">
        <b-form-group
          label="Filter On"
          label-cols-sm="3"
          label-align-sm="right"
          label-size="sm"
          description="Leave all unchecked to filter on all data"
          class="mb-0">
          <b-form-checkbox-group v-model="filterOn" class="mt-1">
            <b-form-checkbox value="name">Name</b-form-checkbox>
            <b-form-checkbox value="age">Age</b-form-checkbox>
            <b-form-checkbox value="isActive">Active</b-form-checkbox>
          </b-form-checkbox-group>
        </b-form-group>
      </b-col>

      <b-col sm="5" md="6" class="my-1">
        <b-form-group
          label="Per page"
          label-cols-sm="6"
          label-cols-md="4"
          label-cols-lg="3"
          label-align-sm="right"
          label-size="sm"
          label-for="perPageSelect"
          class="mb-0"
        >
          <b-form-select
            v-model="perPage"
            id="perPageSelect"
            size="sm"
            :options="pageOptions"
          ></b-form-select>
        </b-form-group>
      </b-col>

      <b-col sm="7" md="6" class="my-1">
        <b-pagination
          v-model="currentPage"
          :total-rows="totalRows"
          :per-page="perPage"
          align="fill"
          size="sm"
          class="my-0"
        ></b-pagination>
      </b-col>
    </b-row>

    <!-- Main table element -->
    <b-table
      show-empty
      small
      stacked="md"
      :items="items"
      :fields="fields"
      :current-page="currentPage"
      :per-page="perPage"
      :filter="filter"
      :filterIncludedFields="filterOn"
      :sort-by.sync="sortBy"
      :sort-desc.sync="sortDesc"
      :sort-direction="sortDirection"
      @filtered="onFiltered"
    >
      <template v-slot:cell(name)="row">
        {{ row.value.first }} {{ row.value.last }}
      </template>

      <template v-slot:cell(actions)="row">
        <b-button size="sm" @click="info(row.item, row.index, $event.target)" class="mr-1">
          Info modal
        </b-button>
        <b-button size="sm" @click="row.toggleDetails">
          {{ row.detailsShowing ? 'Hide' : 'Show' }} Details
        </b-button>
      </template>

      <template v-slot:row-details="row">
        <b-card>
          <ul>
            <li v-for="(value, key) in row.item" :key="key">{{ key }}: {{ value }}</li>
          </ul>
        </b-card>
      </template>
    </b-table>

    <!-- Info modal -->
    <b-modal :id="infoModal.id" :title="infoModal.title" ok-only @hide="resetInfoModal">
      <pre>{{ infoModal.content }}</pre>
    </b-modal>
  </b-container>
</template>

<script>
  export default {
    data() {
      return {
        items: [
          { isActive: true, age: 40, name: { first: 'Dickerson', last: 'Macdonald' } },
          { isActive: false, age: 21, name: { first: 'Larsen', last: 'Shaw' } },
          {
            isActive: false,
            age: 9,
            name: { first: 'Mini', last: 'Navarro' },
            _rowVariant: 'success'
          },
          { isActive: false, age: 89, name: { first: 'Geneva', last: 'Wilson' } },
          { isActive: true, age: 38, name: { first: 'Jami', last: 'Carney' } },
          { isActive: false, age: 27, name: { first: 'Essie', last: 'Dunlap' } },
          { isActive: true, age: 40, name: { first: 'Thor', last: 'Macdonald' } },
          {
            isActive: true,
            age: 87,
            name: { first: 'Larsen', last: 'Shaw' },
            _cellVariants: { age: 'danger', isActive: 'warning' }
          },
          { isActive: false, age: 26, name: { first: 'Mitzi', last: 'Navarro' } },
          { isActive: false, age: 22, name: { first: 'Genevieve', last: 'Wilson' } },
          { isActive: true, age: 38, name: { first: 'John', last: 'Carney' } },
          { isActive: false, age: 29, name: { first: 'Dick', last: 'Dunlap' } }
        ],
        fields: [
          { key: 'name', label: 'Person Full name', sortable: true, sortDirection: 'desc' },
          { key: 'age', label: 'Person age', sortable: true, class: 'text-center' },
          {
            key: 'isActive',
            label: 'is Active',
            formatter: (value, key, item) => {
              return value ? 'Yes' : 'No'
            },
            sortable: true,
            sortByFormatted: true,
            filterByFormatted: true
          },
          { key: 'actions', label: 'Actions' }
        ],
        totalRows: 1,
        currentPage: 1,
        perPage: 5,
        pageOptions: [5, 10, 15],
        sortBy: '',
        sortDesc: false,
        sortDirection: 'asc',
        filter: null,
        filterOn: [],
        infoModal: {
          id: 'info-modal',
          title: '',
          content: ''
        }
      }
    },
    computed: {
      sortOptions() {
        // Create an options list from our fields
        return this.fields
          .filter(f => f.sortable)
          .map(f => {
            return { text: f.label, value: f.key }
          })
      }
    },
    mounted() {
      // Set the initial number of items
      this.totalRows = this.items.length
    },
    methods: {
      info(item, index, button) {
        this.infoModal.title = `Row index: ${index}`
        this.infoModal.content = JSON.stringify(item, null, 2)
        this.$root.$emit('bv::show::modal', this.infoModal.id, button)
      },
      resetInfoModal() {
        this.infoModal.title = ''
        this.infoModal.content = ''
      },
      onFiltered(filteredItems) {
        // Trigger pagination to update the number of buttons/pages due to filtering
        this.totalRows = filteredItems.length
        this.currentPage = 1
      }
    }
  }
</script>

<!-- b-table-complete.vue -->

Component reference

<b-table>

Properties

PropertyTypeDefaultDescription
id StringUsed to set the 'id' attribute on the rendered content, and used as the base to generate any additional element IDs as needed
items Array or Function[]Array of items to display, or an items provider function reference. Refer to the docs for details
fields ArrayArray of field names or array of field definition objects
primary-key StringName of a table field that contains a guaranteed unique value per row. Needed for tbody transition support, and also speeds up table rendering
value Array[]Currently displayed row data. Read-only. Do not set a value on this prop
striped BooleanfalseApplies striping to the tbody rows
bordered BooleanfalseAdds borders to all the cells and headers
borderless BooleanfalseRemoves all borders from cells
outlined BooleanfalseAdds an outline border to the table element
dark BooleanfalsePlaces the table in dark mode
hover BooleanfalseEnables hover styling on rows
small BooleanfalseRenders the table with smaller cell padding
fixed BooleanfalseMakes all columns equal width (fixed layout table). Will speed up rendering for large tables. Column widths can be set via CSS or colgroup
responsive Boolean or StringfalseMakes the table responsive in width, adding a horizontal scrollbar. Set to true for always responsive or set to one of the breakpoints to switch from responsive to normal: 'sm', 'md', 'lg', 'xl'
sticky-header Boolean or StringfalseMakes the table header sticky. Set to true for a maximum height 300px tall table, or set to any valid CSS hight (including units)
no-border-collapse v2.0.0+ BooleanfalseDisable's the collapsing of table borders. Useful when table has sticky headers or columns
caption-top BooleanfalseVisually place the table caption above the table. Default is below.
table-variant StringApply a Bootstrap theme color variant to the entire table
table-class String or Array or ObjectCSS class (or classes) to apply to the table element
stacked Boolean or StringfalsePlace the table in stacked mode. Set to true for always stacked, or set to one of the breakpoints to switch from stacked to normal: 'sm', 'md', 'lg', 'xl'
head-variant StringHeader variant: 'light' or 'dark', or unset. May take precedence over head-row-variant
head-row-variant v2.1.0+ StringApply a Bootstrap theme color variant to the tr element in the thead
thead-class String or Array or ObjectCSS class (or classes) to apply to the thead element
thead-tr-class String or Array or ObjectCSS class (or classes) to apply to the tr element in the thead
foot-clone BooleanfalseEnable to the footer of the table, and clone the header content by default
foot-variant StringFooter variant: 'light' or 'dark', or unset. May take precedence over foot-row-variant
foot-row-variant v2.1.0+ StringApply a Bootstrap theme color variant to the tr element in the tfoot. Falls back to head-row-variant
tfoot-class String or Array or ObjectCSS class (or classes) to apply to the tfoot element
tfoot-tr-class String or Array or ObjectCSS class (or classes) to apply to the tr element in the tfoot
tbody-tr-class String or Array or Object or FunctionCSS class (or classes) to apply to the tr element in the tbody. Can be a function that returns a class (see docs for details)
details-td-class v2.1.0+ String or Array or ObjectCSS class (or classes) to apply to the td element in the details row
tbody-transition-props ObjectVue 'transition-group' properties. When provided will make the tbody a Vue 'transition-group' component
tbody-transition-handlers ObjectVue 'transition-group' event handlers. When provided will make the tbody a Vue 'transition-group' component
tbody-class String or Array or ObjectCSS class (or classes) to apply to the tbody element
filter String or RegExp or Object or ArrayCriteria for filtering. Internal filtering supports only string or RegExpr criteria.
filter-function FunctionReference to a function to use instead of the internal filtering function. Refer to the docs for details
filter-ignored-fields ArrayArray of top level fields to ignore when filtering the item data
filter-included-fields ArrayArray of fields to include when filtering. Overrides filter-ignore-fields
filter-debounce v2.0.0+ DeprecatedNumber or String0Time in milliseconds to debounce changes to the filter criteria before filtering the records

b-table: Prop "filter-debounce" is deprecated. Use the debounce feature of <b-form-input> instead

sort-by StringField name that is currently being sorted. Set to null to clear sorting. Syncable with the .sync prop modifier
sort-desc BooleanfalseSet to true to sort the column in descending order. Syncable with the .sync prop modifier
sort-direction String'asc'The initial sorting direction to sort an unsorted column by: 'asc', 'desc', or 'last' (to use the previous sort direction)
sort-compare FunctionA reference to a function for sort-comparing tow rows of data. Defaults to the internal sort compare routine. See docs for details
sort-compare-options Object{'numeric':true}An object containing sort configuration for the 'String.prototype.sortLocale' method. See docs for details
sort-compare-locale String or ArrayThe locale string (or array of locale string) that specified the language when sorting. See docs for details
sort-null-last BooleanfalseWhen sorting, null and undefined values will be sorted first (or last, depending on 'sort-desc'). Set this prop to sort null values last. Only applicable to internal sorting
no-sort-reset BooleanfalseWhen a table is sortable, clicking on any non-sortable column heading will clear the current sort values. Set this prop to disable this feature
label-sort-asc String'Click to sort Ascending'String to place in the header cell's 'aria-label' when clicking the cell will change the sort direction to ascending
label-sort-desc String'Click to sort Descending'String to place in the header cell's 'aria-label' when clicking the cell will change the sort direction to descending
label-sort-clear String'Click to clear sorting'String to place in the header cell's 'aria-label' when clicking the cell will clear the current sorting direction
no-local-sorting BooleanfalseDisabled the internal sorting routine, and expects the user to provde the items sorted. Sorting controls will still be available
no-footer-sorting BooleanfalseWhen the build in formatter is used, setting this prop will disable the sorting ability in the footer
sort-icon-left BooleanfalsePositions the sort control to the left of the header text. Default is on the right of the header text
per-page Number or String0Number of rows to show per page. Set to 0 to disable pagination
current-page Number or String1The current page number to display when the table is paginated. Starting from 1 and up
caption StringText string to place in the caption element
caption-html Use with caution StringHTML string to place in the caption element. Use with caution
selectable BooleanfalseWhen set, places the table body rows in selectable mode
select-mode String'multi'The selectable mode for the table when 'selectable' is set. Possible values: 'single', 'multi' or 'range'
selected-variant String'active'Bootstrap color theme variant to set selected rows to. Use any of the standard Bootstrap theme color variants, or the special table row variant 'active' (default). Set to an empty string to not use a variant
no-select-on-click v2.1.0+ BooleanfalseDisables row selection via click events. Row selection will be only available programmatically
show-empty BooleanfalseWhen enabled, and there are no item records to show, shows a message that there are no rows to show
empty-text String'There are no records to show'Text string to show when the table has no items to show
empty-html Use with caution StringHTML string to show when the table has no items to show. Usw with caution
empty-filtered-text String'There are no records matching your request'Text string to show when the table has no items to show due to filtering
empty-filtered-html Use with caution StringHTML string to show when the table has no items to show due to filtering. Use with caution
busy BooleanfalseWhen set, forces the table into the busy state.Automatically set when an items provider function is being called
no-provider-paging BooleanfalseWhen set, uses internal paging to pagination the data. Otherwise the items provider is expected to perform the paging
no-provider-sorting BooleanfalseWhen set, uses internal sorting to sort the data. Otherwise the items provider is expected to perform the sorting
no-provider-filtering BooleanfalseWhen set, uses internal filtering to pagination the data. Otherwise the provider is expected to perform the filtering
api-url StringPass through prop. Passed as part of the context object sent to the items provider function

Caution: Props that support HTML strings (*-html) can be vulerable to Cross Site Scripting (XSS) attacks when passed raw user supplied values. You must properly sanitize the user input first!

Slots

Slot NameDescriptionScoped
cell({key}) Scoped slot for custom data rendering of field data. '{key}' is the field's key name. See docs for scoped data
cell() Default scoped slot for custom data rendering of field data. See docs for scoped data
head({key}) Scoped slot for custom rendering of field header. '{key}' is the field's key name. See docs for scoped header
head() Default scoped slot for custom rendering of field header. See docs for scoped header
foot({key}) Scoped slot for custom rendering of field footer. '{key}' is the field's key name. See docs for scoped footer
foot() Default scoped slot for custom rendering of field footer. See docs for scoped footer
table-caption Content to display in the table's caption element
table-colgroup Slot to place custom colgroup and col elements. Optionally scoped
table-busy Optional slot to place loading message when table is in the busy state
row-details Scoped slot for optional rendering additional record details. See docs for Row details support
empty Content to display when no items are present in the `items` array. Optionally scoped
emptyfiltered Content to display when no items are present in the filtered `items` array. Optionally scoped
thead-top Slot above the column headers in the `thead` element for user-supplied B-TR's with B-TH/B-TD. Optionally scoped.
top-row Fixed top row slot for user supplied B-TD cells. Optionally scoped
bottom-row Fixed bottom row slot for user supplied B-TD cells. Optionally Scoped
custom-foot Custom footer content slot for user supplied B-TR, B-TH, B-TD. Optionally Scoped

Events

EventArgumentsDescription
row-clicked
  1. item - Item data of the row being clicked.
  2. index - Index of the row being clicked.
  3. event - Native event object.
Emitted when a row is clicked.
row-dblclicked
  1. item - Item data of the row being double clicked.
  2. index - Index of the row being double clicked.
  3. event - Native event object.
Emitted when a row is double clicked.
row-middle-clicked
  1. item - Item data of the row being middle clicked.
  2. index - Index of the row being middle clicked.
  3. event - Native event object.
Emitted when a row is middle clicked.
row-contextmenu
  1. item - Item data of the row being right clicked.
  2. index - Index of the row being right clicked.
  3. event - Native event object.
Emitted when a row is right clicked.
row-hovered
  1. item - Item data of the row being hovered.
  2. index - Index of the row being hovered.
  3. event - Native event object.
Emitted when a row is hovered.
row-unhovered
  1. item - Item data of the row being unhovered.
  2. index - Index of the row being unhovered.
  3. event - Native event object.
Emitted when a row is unhovered.
row-selected
  1. rows - Array of the row items that are selected.
Emitted when a row or rows have been selected or unselected.
head-clicked
  1. key - Column key clicked (field name).
  2. field - Field definition object.
  3. event - Native event object.
  4. isFooter - 'True' if this event originated from clicking on the footer cell
Emitted when a header or footer cell is clicked. Not applicable for 'custom-foot' slot.
sort-changed
  1. ctx - Table state context object. See docs.
Emitted when the sorting on the table has changed
context-changed
  1. ctx - Table state context object. See docs.
Emitted whenever the table state context has changed
filtered
  1. filteredItems - Array of items after filtering (before local pagination occurs).
Emitted when local filtering causes a change in the number of items.
refreshed Emitted when the items provider function has returned data.

$root Event Listeners

You can control <b-table> by emitting the following events on $root:

EventArgumentsDescription
bv::refresh::table

id - table id to refresh data

Refresh data of a specific table when this event is emitted on $root

<b-table-lite>

Properties

PropertyTypeDefaultDescription
id StringUsed to set the 'id' attribute on the rendered content, and used as the base to generate any additional element IDs as needed
items Array[]Array of items to display
fields ArrayArray of field names or array of field definition objects
primary-key StringName of a table field that contains a guaranteed unique value per row. Needed for tbody transition support, and also speeds up table rendering
value Array[]Currently displayed row data. Read-only. Do not set a value on this prop
striped BooleanfalseApplies striping to the tbody rows
bordered BooleanfalseAdds borders to all the cells and headers
borderless BooleanfalseRemoves all borders from cells
outlined BooleanfalseAdds an outline border to the table element
dark BooleanfalsePlaces the table in dark mode
hover BooleanfalseEnables hover styling on rows
small BooleanfalseRenders the table with smaller cell padding
fixed BooleanfalseMakes all columns equal width (fixed layout table). Will speed up rendering for large tables. Column widths can be set via CSS or colgroup
responsive Boolean or StringfalseMakes the table responsive in width, adding a horizontal scrollbar. Set to true for always responsive or set to one of the breakpoints to switch from responsive to normal: 'sm', 'md', 'lg', 'xl'
sticky-header Boolean or StringfalseMakes the table header sticky. Set to true for a maximum height 300px tall table, or set to any valid CSS hight (including units)
no-border-collapse v2.0.0+ BooleanfalseDisable's the collapsing of table borders. Useful when table has sticky headers or columns
caption-top BooleanfalseVisually place the table caption above the table. Default is below.
table-variant StringApply a Bootstrap theme color variant to the entire table
table-class String or Array or ObjectCSS class (or classes) to apply to the table element
stacked Boolean or StringfalsePlace the table in stacked mode. Set to true for always stacked, or set to one of the breakpoints to switch from stacked to normal: 'sm', 'md', 'lg', 'xl'
head-variant StringHeader variant: 'light' or 'dark', or unset. May take precedence over head-row-variant
head-row-variant v2.1.0+ StringApply a Bootstrap theme color variant to the tr element in the thead
thead-class String or Array or ObjectCSS class (or classes) to apply to the thead element
thead-tr-class String or Array or ObjectCSS class (or classes) to apply to the tr element in the thead
foot-clone BooleanfalseEnable to the footer of the table, and clone the header content by default
foot-variant StringFooter variant: 'light' or 'dark', or unset. May take precedence over foot-row-variant
foot-row-variant v2.1.0+ StringApply a Bootstrap theme color variant to the tr element in the tfoot. Falls back to head-row-variant
tfoot-class String or Array or ObjectCSS class (or classes) to apply to the tfoot element
tfoot-tr-class String or Array or ObjectCSS class (or classes) to apply to the tr element in the tfoot
tbody-tr-class String or Array or Object or FunctionCSS class (or classes) to apply to the tr element in the tbody. Can be a function that returns a class (see docs for details)
details-td-class v2.1.0+ String or Array or ObjectCSS class (or classes) to apply to the td element in the details row
tbody-transition-props ObjectVue 'transition-group' properties. When provided will make the tbody a Vue 'transition-group' component
tbody-transition-handlers ObjectVue 'transition-group' event handlers. When provided will make the tbody a Vue 'transition-group' component
tbody-class String or Array or ObjectCSS class (or classes) to apply to the tbody element
caption StringText string to place in the caption element
caption-html Use with caution StringHTML string to place in the caption element. Use with caution

Caution: Props that support HTML strings (*-html) can be vulerable to Cross Site Scripting (XSS) attacks when passed raw user supplied values. You must properly sanitize the user input first!

Slots

Slot NameDescriptionScoped
cell({key}) Scoped slot for custom data rendering of field data. '{key}' is the field's key name.
cell() Default scoped slot for custom data rendering of field data.
head({key}) Scoped slot for custom rendering of field header. '{key}' is the field's key name
head() Default scoped slot for custom rendering of field header.
foot({key}) Scoped slot for custom rendering of field footer. '{key}' is the field's key name.
foot() Default scoped slot for custom rendering of field footer
table-caption Content to display in the table's caption element
table-colgroup Slot to place custom colgroup and col elements. Optionally scoped
row-details Scoped slot for optional rendering additional record details. See docs for Row details support
thead-top Slot above the column headers in the `thead` element for user-supplied B-TR with B-TH/B-TD. Optionally scoped.
custom-foot Custom footer content slot for user supplied B-TR's with B-TH/B-TD. Optionally Scoped

Events

EventArgumentsDescription
row-clicked
  1. item - Item data of the row being clicked.
  2. index - Index of the row being clicked.
  3. event - Native event object.
Emitted when a row is clicked.
row-dblclicked
  1. item - Item data of the row being double clicked.
  2. index - Index of the row being double clicked.
  3. event - Native event object.
Emitted when a row is double clicked.
row-middle-clicked
  1. item - Item data of the row being middle clicked.
  2. index - Index of the row being middle clicked.
  3. event - Native event object.
Emitted when a row is middle clicked.
row-contextmenu
  1. item - Item data of the row being right clicked.
  2. index - Index of the row being right clicked.
  3. event - Native event object.
Emitted when a row is right clicked.
row-hovered
  1. item - Item data of the row being hovered.
  2. index - Index of the row being hovered.
  3. event - Native event object.
Emitted when a row is hovered.
row-unhovered
  1. item - Item data of the row being unhovered.
  2. index - Index of the row being unhovered.
  3. event - Native event object.
Emitted when a row is unhovered.
head-clicked
  1. key - Column key clicked (field name).
  2. field - Field definition object.
  3. event - Native event object.
  4. isFooter - 'True' if this event originated from clicking on the footer cell
Emitted when a header or footer cell is clicked. Not applicable for 'custom-foot' slot.

<b-table-simple>

Properties

PropertyTypeDefaultDescription
id StringUsed to set the 'id' attribute on the rendered content, and used as the base to generate any additional element IDs as needed
striped BooleanfalseApplies striping to the tbody rows
bordered BooleanfalseAdds borders to all the cells and headers
borderless BooleanfalseRemoves all borders from cells
outlined BooleanfalseAdds an outline border to the table element
dark BooleanfalsePlaces the table in dark mode
hover BooleanfalseEnables hover styling on rows
small BooleanfalseRenders the table with smaller cell padding
fixed BooleanfalseMakes all columns equal width (fixed layout table). Will speed up rendering for large tables. Column widths can be set via CSS or colgroup
responsive Boolean or StringfalseMakes the table responsive in width, adding a horizontal scrollbar. Set to true for always responsive or set to one of the breakpoints to switch from responsive to normal: 'sm', 'md', 'lg', 'xl'
sticky-header Boolean or StringfalseMakes the table header sticky. Set to true for a maximum height 300px tall table, or set to any valid CSS hight (including units)
no-border-collapse v2.0.0+ BooleanfalseDisable's the collapsing of table borders. Useful when table has sticky headers or columns
caption-top BooleanfalseVisually place the table caption above the table. Default is below.
table-variant StringApply a Bootstrap theme color variant to the entire table
table-class String or Array or ObjectCSS class (or classes) to apply to the table element
stacked Boolean or StringfalsePlace the table in stacked mode. Set to true for always stacked, or set to one of the breakpoints to switch from stacked to normal: 'sm', 'md', 'lg', 'xl'

<b-tbody>

Properties

PropertyTypeDefaultDescription
tbody-transition-props ObjectVue 'transition-group' properties. When provided will make the tbody a Vue 'transition-group' component
tbody-transition-handlers ObjectVue 'transition-group' event handlers. When provided will make the tbody a Vue 'transition-group' component

<b-thead>

Properties

PropertyTypeDefaultDescription
head-variant StringHeader variant: 'light' or 'dark', or unset

<b-tfoot>

Properties

PropertyTypeDefaultDescription
foot-variant StringFooter variant: 'light' or 'dark', or unset

<b-tr>

Properties

PropertyTypeDefaultDescription
variant StringApplies one of the Bootstrap theme color variants to the component

<b-td>

Properties

PropertyTypeDefaultDescription
variant StringApplies one of the Bootstrap theme color variants to the component
colspan Number or StringNumber of columns this cell spans
rowspan Number or StringNumber of rows this cell spans
stacked-heading StringHeading for the cell when in stacked mode. Only applicable to cells in the 'tbody' element
sticky-column BooleanfalseIf this will be a sticky colum. Must be set on all cells in this column. table must be in sticky-header or responsive mode to work

<b-th>

Properties

PropertyTypeDefaultDescription
variant StringApplies one of the Bootstrap theme color variants to the component
colspan Number or StringNumber of columns this cell spans
rowspan Number or StringNumber of rows this cell spans
stacked-heading StringHeading for the cell when in stacked mode. Only applicable to cells in the 'tbody' element
sticky-column BooleanfalseIf this will be a sticky colum. Must be set on all cells in this column. table must be in sticky-header or responsive mode to work

Importing individual components

You can import individual components into your project via the following named exports:

ComponentNamed ExportImport Path
<b-table>BTablebootstrap-vue
<b-table-lite>BTableLitebootstrap-vue
<b-table-simple>BTableSimplebootstrap-vue
<b-tbody>BTbodybootstrap-vue
<b-thead>BTheadbootstrap-vue
<b-tfoot>BTfootbootstrap-vue
<b-tr>BTrbootstrap-vue
<b-td>BTdbootstrap-vue
<b-th>BThbootstrap-vue

Example:

import { BTable } from 'bootstrap-vue'
Vue.component('b-table', BTable)

Importing as a Vue.js plugin

This plugin includes all of the above listed individual components. Plugins also include any component aliases.

Named ExportImport Path
TablePluginbootstrap-vue

This plugin also automatically includes the following plugins:

  • TableLitePlugin
  • TableSimplePlugin

Example:

import { TablePlugin } from 'bootstrap-vue'
Vue.use(TablePlugin)